ΜΕΝΑΝΔΡΟΥ ΡΗΤΟΡΟΣ [ΓΕΝΕΘΛΙΩΝ]1 ΔΙΑΙΡΕΣΙΣ ΤΩΝ ΕΠΙΔΕΙΚΤΙΚΩΝ
3311. Τῆς ῥητορικῆς ἁπάσης τριχῶς διαιρουμένης ὡς μέρεσιν ἢ εἴδεσιν, ἢ ὅπως δεῖ καλεῖν, εἰς τοὺς λόγους τοὺς ἐν δικαστηρίοις ὑπὲρ κοινῶν ἢ ἰδίων, καὶ οὓς ἐν ἐκκλησίαις ἢ ἐν βουλαῖς διατίθενται, καὶ εἰς τρίτους τοὺς ἐπιδεικτικούς, οὓς δὴ ἐγκωμιαστικοὺς ἢ ψεκτικοὺς καλοῦσιν, ἀπολογεῖσθαι συμβαίνει <ἡμῖν>2 ὑπὲρ τούτων τῶν τὴν τρίτην τάξιν εἰληφότων διδάσκουσιν †ὀρθῶς†.3 μὴ τοίνυν περὶ ῥητορικῆς προσδόκα ὅλης ἀκροᾶσθαι ἐξ ἀρχῆς, κἂν ἄνωθεν ὑπὲρ παντὸς μέρους διεξιέναι σοι ἐν βραχυτάτῳ προαιρήσωμαι. σκεψώμεθα τοίνυν τὴν μέθοδον, εἰ καθ’ ὁδὸν χωρήσει.
2. Τῶν δὴ ἐπιδεικτικῶν τὸ μὲν ψόγος, τὸ δὲ ἔπαινος·
MENANDER RHETOR1 AN ANALYSIS OF EPIDEICTIC SPEECHES
1. Rhetoric as a whole is divided into three branches (merē) or kinds (eidē) (or whatever they should be called):2 speeches in law courts concerning public or private matters; those delivered in assemblies or councils; and thirdly, epideictic speeches which are called encomiastic or vituperative. It thus falls to us, who teach about those which fill the third division, to defend our practice. Therefore, do not expect to hear about the entire field of rhetoric from the beginning, even though I chose above to give you a very brief survey of every branch. So, let us see if our procedure will proceed on track.3
2. Epideictic speeches, then, have two aspects: blame
- 1For a discussion of the name perhaps embedded in ΓΕΝΕΘΛΙΩΝ, see the Introduction. The titles in brackets are not in the manuscripts, but are included here for convenience.
- 2This threefold division of rhetoric goes back at least to Aristotle, Rh. 1.3.1–3, where he calls the branches both eidē and genē.
- 3M. plays on μέθοδον (procedure) and καθ’ ὁδόν (on track).