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Marcus Tullius Cicero

M. Tulli Ciceronis Tusculanarum Disputationum

Liber IV

1I. Cum multis locis nostrorum hominum ingenia virtutesque, Brute, soleo mirari, tum maxime in his studiis, quae sero admodum expetita in hanc civitatem e Graecia transtulerunt: nam cum a primo urbis ortu regiis institutis, partim etiam legibus, auspicia, caerimoniae, comitia, provocationes, patrum consilium, equitum peditumque discriptio, tota res militaris divinitus esset constituta, tum progressio admirabilis incredibilisque cursus ad omnem excellentiam factus est dominatu regio re publica liberata. Nec vero hic locus est ut de moribus institutisque maiorum et disciplina ac temperatione civitatis loquamur: aliis haec locis satis accurate a nobis dicta sunt maximeque in iis sex libris, quos de 2Republica scripsimus. Hoc autem loco consideranti mihi studia doctrinae multa sane occurrunt, cur ea quoque arcessita aliunde neque solum expetita, sed

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Disputations, IV.

M. Tullius Cicero’s Tusculan Disputations

Book IV

I. While on many grounds, Brutus, I regard with a constant wonder the genius and virtues of our countrymen, I do so above all in those studies which at quite a late period became the object of their aspiration and were transferred to this State from Greece: for though from the first beginnings of the city, the auspices, the religious rites, the assemblies of the people, the appeals, the Council of the Fathers, the distribution of horse and foot, and the whole military system had been established in an admirable way by the usages—to some extent too by the laws—prevalent under the Kings, later on, when once the commonwealth was set free from the tyranny of monarchy, a wonderful advance was made towards general excellence at a rate that surpasses belief. But this is by no means the place for me to speak of the customs and regulations of our ancestors and the direction and organization of the State; these things I have described with sufficient care in other places and in particular in the six books I have written upon the Commonwealth. Now, however, that I am engaged in considering learned studies quite a number of reasons present themselves why these too, derived as they have been from an outside source, appear not only to

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.marcus_tullius_cicero-tusculan_disputations.1927