charges. It may well have been that the wily Sulla had supported Catiline and Autronius, but without doing anything to incriminate himself. He would then stand to share in the benefits flowing from their success without incurring any of the risks. At all events Cicero’s skill was rewarded and Sulla acquitted.
Of his later life we know little. His house was used by Clodius as a base for his violence—in all probability with its owner’s connivancea—and in 54, after a contest with Torquatus, Sulla secured the right to prosecute Gabinius on a charge of bribery. He fought with Caesar in the Civil War and was one of his senior commanders in 48 and 47. He saw service at Dyrrachium and commanded the right wing of Caesar’s army at Pharsalus.b In the following year he nearly lost his life in a mutiny and he died in 45.
Cicero’s reaction to his death recorded in letters to two friends, Dolabella and Cassius,c is a far cry from his attitude towards his client in this speech. There can be little doubt that the version of Cicero’s feelings for the man contained in his letters is closer to the truth than the lawyer’s account of his client.
|T||=codex Tegernseensis, now Monacensis 18787, 11th century|
|E||=codex Erfurtensis, now Berolinus 252, 12th-13th centuries (containing 81-93. Gulielmius and Zinzerlingus preserve a number of readings from an earlier part of the codex that was subsequently lost)|
|e||=codex Palatinus 1525, written in a.d. 1467 (43 is missing)|
|a||=codex Laurentianus (S. Crucis) xxiii. Sin. 3 (Lagomarsinianus 43), 14th century|
|p||=codex Palatinus 1820, written in a.d. 1394|
|Σ||=codex Parisiensis 14749, formerly codex S. Victoris 91, 15th century|
|g||=codex Parisiensis 16228|
|b||=codex S. Marci 255, Flor. Bibl. Nat. I. iv. 4 (Lagomarsinianus 6), 15th century|
|π||=codex Parcensis, now Bruxellensis 14492, 14th century|
|χ||=codex S. Marci 254, Flor. Bibl. Nat. I. iv. 5 (Lagomarsinianus 3)|
|Ψ||=codex Laurentianus (Gadd.) xc. sup. 69|
|c||=codex Oxoniensis Canonici 226, 15th century|
|k||=codex Parisiensis 7779, written in a.d. 1459|