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Cicero

M. Tulli Ciceronis In M. Antonium Oratio Philippica Octava

1[1] Confusius hesterno die est acta res, C. Pansa, quam postulabat institutum consulatus tui. Parum mihi visus es eos quibus cedere non soles sustinere. Nam cum senatus ea virtus fuisset quae solet, et cum re viderent omnes esse bellum quidamque id verbum removendum arbitrarentur, tua voluntas in discessione fuit ad lenitatem propensior. Victa est igitur propter verbi asperitatem te auctore nostra sententia: vicit L. Caesaris, amplissimi viri, qui verbi atrocitate dempta oratione fuit quam sententia lenior. Quamquam is quidem, ante quam sententiam diceret, propinquitatem excusavit. Idem fecerat me consule in sororis viro quod hoc tempore in sororis filio fecit, ut et luctu sororis 2moveretur et saluti populi Romani provideret. Atque ipse tamen Caesar praecepit vobis quodam modo, patres conscripti, ne sibi adsentiremini, cum ita dixit, aliam se sententiam dicturum fuisse eamque se ac re publica dignam,

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Philippic 8

Marcus Tullius Cicero’s Eighth Philippic Oration Against Marcus Antonius

[1] The transaction of business yesterday, Gaius Pansa,1 was vaguer than the normal practice under your consulship called for. It seemed to me that you did not take a firm enough stand against persons to whom you do not generally give way. For when the senate showed its usual courage, and everyone saw that war existed in fact, while there were some who wanted the term “war” removed, your wishes inclined to mildness in taking the vote. So because of the harshness of the word, my proposal was defeated at your instance, and that of Lucius Caesar, a very distinguished gentleman, won the day; in withdrawing the frightful word, he was milder in the language than in the actual proposal. To be sure, he pleaded the excuse of a family relationship before he put forward his proposal. When I was consul, he acted in the case of his sister’s husband as he has acted now in that of his sister’s son: he was both affected by his sister’s sorrow and attentive to the welfare of the Roman people.1 And yet, Members of the Senate,2 Caesar himself after a fashion advised you not to follow him, when he said that he would have have put forward a different proposal, one worthy of himself and the Republic,

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.marcus_tullius_cicero-philippic_8.2010