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Introduction

Praetor and was Proconsul in Asia from 61 to 59. In 54 he took service under Caesar in Gaul, but like his brother followed Pompey in the Civil War. Pardoned by Caesar after Pharsalia, he perished in the Proscriptions of 43. His relations with his brother were close and generally affectionate until 48. The story of their quarrel and superficial reconciliation can be found in Chapter 19 of my biography. A number of Cicero’s letters to him written between 59 and 54 survive.

5. Quintus’ wife Pomponia, sister of Atticus. The marriage took place in 70 or thereabouts and ended with divorce in 45. It was never a success. Pomponia was several years older than her husband and apparently of a shrewish disposition. Cicero’s letters contain many references to their domestic difficulties.

6. Their son, the younger Q. Cicero, born about the end of 67. Much more gifted intellectually than his cousin, he grew up to be a thorn in his elders’ flesh. Like his father and uncle he perished in the Proscriptions.

7. Tullia had three husbands, all young men of noble family. She was betrothed to the first, C. Calpurnius Piso Frugi, in 67 and married in 62. He was Quaestor in 58, but died the following year before Cicero’s return. He seems to have been a model son-in-law, and Cicero writes warmly of his loyalty in the bad times.

8. Tullia married Furius Crassipes in 55. They were divorced within a few years, but nothing is known of the circumstances.

9. Tullia married P. Cornelius Dolabella in 50, a rake and a Caesarian. Divorce followed in 46, but Cicero remained on good terms with him until he allied himself with

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Introduction

Antony, having succeeded Caesar as Consul in 44. He committed suicide in the East in 42 to avoid capture by Cassius.

10. In January 45 Tullia bore a son, who lived only a few months. He was called Lentulus after Dolabella’s adoptive name.

11. Not long after divorcing Terentia Cicero married his young and wealthy ward, Publilia. Another divorce followed after a few months. She had a brother(?), Publilius, and a mother living.

12. Pomponia’s brother, T. Pomponius Atticus. He married Pilia in 56; her brother, Pilius Celer, was a noted speaker and a Caesarian. Their daughter, Caecilia Attica, was probably born in 51.

Atticus

Titus Pomponius (the cognomen Atticus being a personal acquisition) was born about November 110. His family was, like Cicero’s, equestrian, but Roman as far back as it could be traced. Their friendship began in his school days. After his father’s death in 86 or a little later, the young Pomponius made his home in Athens for about twenty years, though often returning to Rome on visits. In 79 he was joined by the Cicero brothers and their cousin Lucius, but after six months of study and contact with the philosophical and rhetorical celebrities of the ‘university city’ Cicero passed on to further travels. From his long residence in Athens and his love of things Hellenic Pomponius came to be called Atticus, ‘the Athenian.’

In 65 or thereabouts Rome again became his permanent domicile, though he made frequent and lengthy visits

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.marcus_tullius_cicero-letters_atticus.1999