Cicero, De Fato

LCL 349: 192-193

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Cicero

M. Tulli Ciceronis De Fato

1I. . . . quia pertinet ad mores, quod ἦθος illi vocant, nos eam partem philosophiae de moribus appellare solemus, sed decet augentem linguam Latinam, nominare moralem. Explicandaque vis est ratioque enuntiationum, quae Graeci ἀξιώματα vocant; quae de re futura cum aliquid dicunt deque eo quod possit fieri aut non possit, quam vim habeant obscura quaestio est, quam περὶ δυνατῶν philosophi appellant; totaque est λογική, quam ‘rationem disserendi’ voco. Quod autem in aliis libris feci, qui sunt de natura deorum, itemque in eis quos de divinatione edidi, ut in utramque partem perpetua explicaretur oratio, quo facilius id a quoque probaretur quod cuique maxime probabile videretur, id in hac disputatione de fato 2 casus quidam ne facerem impedivit. Nam cum essem in Puteolano, Hirtiusque noster consul designatus

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De Fato

Marcus Tullius Cicero De Fato

1I. . . . because ita relates to character, called in Introduction: Latin terminology. Greek ēthos, while we usually term that part of philosophy ‘the study of character,’ but the suitable course is to add to the Latin language by giving this subject the name of’ moral science.’ It is also necessary to expound the meaning and the theory of propositions, called in Greek axiōmatab; what validity these have when they make a statement about a future event and about something that may happen or may not is a difficult field of inquiry, entitled by philosophers Peri Dynatōnc; and the whole subject is Logikē, which I call’ the theory of discourse.’ The method which I pursued in other volumes, those on the Nature of the Gods, and also in those which I have published on Divination, was that of setting out a continuous discourse both for and against, to enable each student to accept for himself the view that seems to him most probable; but I was prevented by accidentd from adopting it 2in the present discussion on the subject of Fate. ForScene and persons of dialogue. I was at my place at Puteoli,e and my friend Hirtius,

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.marcus_tullius_cicero-de_fato.1942