ΜΑΡΚΟΥ ΑΥΡΗΛΙΟΥ ΑΝΤΩΝΙΝΟΥ
ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑΤΟΡΟΣ ΤΩΝ ΕΙΣ ΕΑΥΤΟΝ
α΄. Παρὰ τοῦ πάππου Οὐήρου, τὸ καλόηθες καὶ ἀόργητον.
β΄. Παρὰ τῆς δόξης καὶ μνήμης τῆς περὶ τοῦ γεννήσαντος, τὸ αἰδῆμον καὶ ἀρρενικόν.
γ΄. Παρὰ τῆς μητρός, τὸ θεοσεβὲς καὶ μεταδοτικόν· καὶ ἀφεκτικὸν οὐ μόνον τοῦ κακοποιεῖν, ἀλλὰ καὶ τοῦ ἐπὶ ἐννοίας γίνεσθαι τοιαύτης· ἔτι δὲ τὸ λιτὸν κατὰ τὴν δίαιταν καὶ πόρρω τῆς πλουσιακῆς διαγωγῆς.
δ΄. Παρὰ τοῦ προπάππου, τὸ μὴ εἰς δημοσίας διατριβὰς φοιτῆσαι, καὶ τὸ ἀγαθοῖς διδασκάλοις κατ᾿ οἶκον χρήσασθαι, καὶ τὸ γνῶναι, ὅτι εἰς τὰ τοιαῦτα δεῖ ἐκτενῶς ἀναλίσκειν.
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus
the Emperor to Himself
1. From my Grandfather Verus,1 a kindly disposition and sweetness of temper.
2. From what I heard of my Father2 and my memory of him, modesty and manliness.
3. From my Mother, the fear of God, and generosity; and abstention not only from doing ill but even from the very thought of doing it; and furthermore to live the simple life,3 far removed from the habits of the rich.
- 1sc. “I had an example of,”“was in the way to learn.” But the construction varies and sometimes a direct statement of characteristics is given. It is obvious that Marcus does not claim to possess all the good qualities enumerated.
- 2Died before 136. The grandfather of M. (§ 1) died aged nearly 90 in 138 (Capit. Vit. Mar. vi. 1; Vit, Pii iv. 2).
- 3cp. Aristides, ad Reg. § 115 (Jebb) διαίτης εὐτέλεια (of Marcus).
- 4Catilius Severus, praef. urbi, who hoped to succeed Hadrian (Spart. Vit. Hadr. v. 10; xxiv. 6).
- 5Capit. Vit. Mar. (ii. 3–iii. 4) gives a list of these.