Manetho, The Sacred Book

LCL 350: 188-189

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Fr 76. Eusebius, Praeparatio Evangelica, II Prooem., p. 44 C (Gifford).

Πᾶσαν μὲν οὖν τὴν Αἰγυπτιακὴν ἱστορίαν εἰς πλάτος τῇ Ἑλλήνων μετείληφε φωνῇ ἰδίως τε τὰ περὶ τῆς κατ᾿ αὐτοὺς θεολογίας Μανεθὼς ὁ Αἰγύπτιος, ἔν τε ᾗ ἔγραψεν Ἱερᾷ βίβλῳ καὶ ἐν ἑτέροις αὐτοῦ συγγράμμασι.

Cf. Theodoretus, Curatio, II, p. 61 (Räder):

Μανεθὼς δὲ τὰ περὶ Ἴσιδος καὶ Ὀσίριδος καὶ Ἄπιδος καὶ Σαράπιδος καὶ τῶν ἄλλων θεῶν τῶν Αἰγυπτίων ἐμυθολόγησε.

Fr. 77. Plutarch, De Is. et Osir., 9.

Ἔτι δὲ τῶν πολλῶν νομιζόντων ἴδιον παρ᾿ Αἰγυπτίοις ὄνομα τοῦ Διὸς εἶναι τὸν Ἀμοῦν (ὃ παράγοντες ἡμεῖς Ἄμμωνα λέγομεν), Μανεθὼς μὲν ὁ Σεβεννύτης τὸ κεκρυμμένον οἴεται καὶ τὴν κρύψιν ὑπὸ ταύτης δηλοῦσθαι τῆς φωνῆς . . .

Fr. 78. Plutarch, De Is. et Osir., 49.

Βέβωνα δὲ τινὲς μὲν ἕνα τῶν τοῦ Τυφῶνος ἑταίρων γεγονέναι λέγουσιν, Μανεθὼς δ᾿ αὐτὸν


The Sacred Book

The Sacred Book.

Fr. 76 (from Eusebius).

Now the whole history of Egypt and especially the details of Egyptian religion are expounded at length in Greek by Manetho the Egyptian, both in his Sacred Book and in other writings of his.

(From Theodoretus.)

Manetho rehearsed the stories of Isis, Osiris, Apis, Serapis, and the other gods of Egypt.

Fr. 77 (from Plutarch, Is. and Osir., ch. 9).

Further, the general belief is that the name Amûn,1 which we transform into Ammôn, is an Egyptian proper noun, the title of Zeus2; but Manetho of Sebennytus is of opinion that this name has a meaning—“that which is concealed” and “concealment.”

Fr. 78 (from Plutarch, Is. and Osir., ch. 49).

Some say that Bebôn3 was one of the comrades of Typhôn; but Manetho states that Typhôn himself

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.manetho-sacred_book.1940