Η ΙΕΡΑ ΒΙΒΛΟΣ
Fr 76. Eusebius, Praeparatio Evangelica, II Prooem., p. 44 C (Gifford).
Πᾶσαν μὲν οὖν τὴν Αἰγυπτιακὴν ἱστορίαν εἰς πλάτος τῇ Ἑλλήνων μετείληφε φωνῇ ἰδίως τε τὰ περὶ τῆς κατ᾿ αὐτοὺς θεολογίας Μανεθὼς ὁ Αἰγύπτιος, ἔν τε ᾗ ἔγραψεν Ἱερᾷ βίβλῳ καὶ ἐν ἑτέροις αὐτοῦ συγγράμμασι.
Cf. Theodoretus, Curatio, II, p. 61 (Räder):
Μανεθὼς δὲ τὰ περὶ Ἴσιδος καὶ Ὀσίριδος καὶ Ἄπιδος καὶ Σαράπιδος καὶ τῶν ἄλλων θεῶν τῶν Αἰγυπτίων ἐμυθολόγησε.
Fr. 77. Plutarch, De Is. et Osir., 9.
Ἔτι δὲ τῶν πολλῶν νομιζόντων ἴδιον παρ᾿ Αἰγυπτίοις ὄνομα τοῦ Διὸς εἶναι τὸν Ἀμοῦν (ὃ παράγοντες ἡμεῖς Ἄμμωνα λέγομεν), Μανεθὼς μὲν ὁ Σεβεννύτης τὸ κεκρυμμένον οἴεται καὶ τὴν κρύψιν ὑπὸ ταύτης δηλοῦσθαι τῆς φωνῆς . . .
Fr. 78. Plutarch, De Is. et Osir., 49.
Βέβωνα δὲ τινὲς μὲν ἕνα τῶν τοῦ Τυφῶνος ἑταίρων γεγονέναι λέγουσιν, Μανεθὼς δ᾿ αὐτὸν
The Sacred Book.
Fr. 76 (from Eusebius).
Now the whole history of Egypt and especially the details of Egyptian religion are expounded at length in Greek by Manetho the Egyptian, both in his Sacred Book and in other writings of his.
Manetho rehearsed the stories of Isis, Osiris, Apis, Serapis, and the other gods of Egypt.
Fr. 77 (from Plutarch, Is. and Osir., ch. 9).
Further, the general belief is that the name Amûn,1 which we transform into Ammôn, is an Egyptian proper noun, the title of Zeus2; but Manetho of Sebennytus is of opinion that this name has a meaning—“that which is concealed” and “concealment.”
Fr. 78 (from Plutarch, Is. and Osir., ch. 49).
Some say that Bebôn3 was one of the comrades of Typhôn; but Manetho states that Typhôn himself
- 1Manetho’s interpretation is from imn, “hidden, secret”: see Sethe, Abhandl. Berl. Akad., 1929, p. 78, § 153. Herodotus, ii. 42, 3, tells a story which is probably related to this meaning of Amûn.
- 2The title Zeus Ammôn was already known to Pindar in the first half of the fifth century b.c. (Pythians, iv. 16, Fr. 36; see Pausanias, ix. 16, 1).
- 3The name “Bebôn,” given to Typhôn, does not mean “prevention,” but is the Egyptian baby, an epithet of Sêth. In Greek, besides the form Βέβων, Βάβυς was used (Hellanicus in Athenaeus, xv. 25, p. 680a). Typhôn, an unpopular deity, came into favour in Dynasty XIX., two kings of which were Sethôs I. and II.