ΠΕΡΙ ΚΑΤΑΣΚΕΥΗΣ ΚΥΦΙΩΝ
Fr. 87. Plutarch, De Is. et Osir., 80.
Τὸ δὲ κῦφι μῖγμα μὲν ἑκκαίδεκα μερῶν συντιθεμένων ἐστί, μέλιτος καὶ οἴνου καὶ σταφίδος καὶ
On the Making of Kyphi.
Fr. 87 (from Plutarch, Is. and Osir., ch. 80).
Kyphi2 is a mixture of sixteen ingredients—honey, wine, raisins, cyperus [? galingale], resin, myrrh,
- 2Kyphi (Anc. Egyptian , from , to burn) is mentioned in the Ebers Papyrus (Wreszinski, 98, 12 f.), where ten ingredients (without honey and wine) are given. Recipes of a similar nature have been found at Edfu (two) and at Philae (one): they were inscribed in hieroglyphs on temple-walls. Kyphi had a double use—as incense and as medicine. See further Ganszyniec in Pauly-Wissowa-Kroll, R.E. (1924). Parthey (Isis und Osiris, pp. 277 ff.) describes the results of experiments with the recipes of Plutarch, of Galen (also sixteen ingredients), and of Dioscorides (ten ingredients): he gives first place to the kyphi prepared according to the prescription of Dioscorides.