- Fr. 1. Eusebius, Chronica I. (Armenian Version), p. 93 (Mai).
Ex Aegyptiacis Manethonis monumentis, qui in tres libros historiam suam tribuit,—de diis et de heroibus, de manibus et de mortalibus regibus qui Aegypto praefuerunt usque ad regem Persarum Darium.
- 1Cf. Joannes Lydus, De Mensibus, iv. 86 (Wünsch). On Mains, after speaking of Hephaestus, Lydus adds: Κατὰ δὲ ἱστορίαν Μανέθων Αἰγυπτιακῶν ὑπομνημάτων ἐν τόμῳ κρίτῳ φησίν, ὅτι πρῶτος ἀνθρώπωνX παρ᾿ Αἰγυπτίοις ἐβασίλευσεν Ἥφαιστος ὁ καὶ εὑρέτης τοῦ αὐτοῖς γενόμενος· ἐξ οὖ Ἥλιος, οὖ Κρόνος, μεθ᾿ ὂν Ὄσιρις, ἔπειτα Τυφών, ἀδελφὸς Ὀσίρεως. From this passage we see that Lydus gives the sequence “Hêphaestus, Hêlios (the Sun), Cronos, Osiris, Typhôn,” omitting Sôsis as Eusebius does. After this passage in Lydus comes Fr. 84 Ἰστέον δὲ...
- 2From Joannes Antiochenus (Malalas), Chron., 24 (Migne, Patrologia, Vol. 97).
- XBracketed by Hopfner, Fontes Historiae Religionis, Bonn, 1922–3, p. 65.
The Aegyptiaca of Manetho: Manetho’s History of Egypt
- Fr. 1 (from the Armenian Version of Eusebius, Chronica). Dynasties of Gods, Demigods, and Spirits of the Dead.
From the Egyptian History of Manetho, who composed his account in three books. These deal with the Gods, the Demigods, the Spirits of the Dead, and the mortal kings who ruled Egypt down to Darius, king of the Persians.
1. The first man (or god) in Egypt is Hephaestus,1 who is also renowned among the Egyptians as the discoverer of fire. His son, Helios (the Sun), was succeeded by Sôsis: then follow, in turn, Cronos,
- 1The Pre-dynastic Period begins with a group of gods, “consisting of the Great Ennead of Heliopolis in the form in which it was worshipped at Memphis” (T. E. Peet, Cambridge Ancient History, i. p. 250). After summarizing §§ 1–3 Peet adds: “From the historical point of view there is little to be made of this”. See Meyer, Geschichte des Altertums5, I. ii. p. 102 f. for the Egyptian traditions of the Pre-dynastic Period. In the Turin Papyrus the Gods are given in the same order: (Ptah), Rê, (Shu), Geb, Osiris, Sêth (200 years), Horus (300 years), Thoth (3126 years), Ma‘at, Har, . . . Total . . . . See Meyer, Aeg. Chron. p. 116, and cf. Fr. 3.