ΠΕΡΙ ΑΡΧΑΪΣΜΟΥ ΚΑΙ ΕΥΣΕΒΕΙΑΣ
Fr. 85. Porphyrius, De Abstinentia, II, 55 (Nauck).
Κατέλυσε δὲ καὶ ἐν Ἡλίου πόλει1 τῆς Αἰγύπτου τὸν τῆς ἀνθρωποκτονίας νόμον Ἄμωσις, ὡς μαρτυρεῖ
On Ancient Ritual and Religion.
Fr. 85 (from Porphyrius).
- 2On human sacrifice in Egypt, see Meyer, Geschichte5, I. ii. pp. 98 f. Herodotus, ii. 45, denies that men were sacrificed in Egypt in his time; but Seleucus, under Tiberius, wrote an account of human sacrifice in Egypt (Athen. iv. p. 172d), and there is evidence for the sacrifice of captives in Dynasties XVIIT. and XIX. See Diod. Sic. i. 88, 5, and cf. Frazer, Golden Bough, ii. pp. 254 ft. Some writers have suggested that the contracted human figure (the tekenu), wrapped in a skin and drawn on a sledge, who is a regular feature of funeral processions in the New Kingdom, may have been a remnant of human sacrifice. This, however, is very doubtful: cf. N. de G. Davies, Five Theban Tombs, pp. 9, 14. See further G. A. Wainwright, Sky-Religion, pp. 33 f.
- 3See Fr. 86. The mention of Hêra (see infra) makes it very probable that “Eileithyiaspolis” is the correct reading here.
- 4Amôsis, c. 1570 b.c.