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EARLY GREEK PHILOSOPHY IX

LYCOPHRON [83 DK]

D A Radical Solution to the Problem of Multiple Predication (D1)

D1 (< A2) Arist. Phys. 1.2 185b25–31

ἐθορυβοῦντο δὲ καὶ οἱ ὕστεροι τῶν ἀρχαίων ὅπως μὴ ἅμα γένηται αὐτοῖς τὸ αὐτὸ ἓν καὶ πολλά. διὸ οἱ μὲν τὸ ἔστι ἀφεῖλον, ὥσπερ Λυκόφρων, [. . .] ἵνα μή ποτε τὸ ἔστι προσάπτοντες πολλὰ εἶναι ποιῶσι τὸ ἕν.1

Three Definitions (D2–D4) Definition of Knowledge (D2)

D2 (< A1) Arist. Metaph. Η6 1045b9–11

οἱ δὲ συνουσίαν,1 ὥσπερ Λυκόφρων φησὶν εἶναι τὴν ἐπιστήμην τοῦ ἐπίστασθαι καὶ ψυχῆς.

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LYCOPHRON

LYCOPHRON

D A Radical Solution to the Problem of Multiple Predication (D1)

D1 (< A2) Aristotle, Physics

Among the ancient thinkers, those who were later [scil. than Parmenides and Melissus] were also troubled by the question of knowing how to avoid that the same thing be at the same time one and many for them. That is why some of them suppressed the word ‘is,’ like Lycophron, [. . .] in order not to make the one be many by adding the word ‘is.’

See also PROT. R26

Three Definitions (D2–D4) Definition of Knowledge (D2)

D2 (< A1) Aristotle, Metaphysics

Some people [scil. speak, in order to explain how the terms of a definition are united,] of ‘coexistence,’ as Lycophron says that knowledge (epistêmê) is [scil. the coexistence] of the act of knowing (epistasthai) and the soul.

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.lycophron-doctrine.2016