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The works of Lucian

πρὸς τῆς παραδόξου ταύτης διαβολῆς, ὥστε μηδὲν τῶν εἰκότων λογισάμενος, μηδ᾿ ὅτι ἀντίτεχνος ἦν ὁ διαβάλλων μηδ᾿ ὅτι μικρότερος ἢ κατὰ τηλικαύτην προδοσίαν ζωγράφος, καὶ ταῦτα εὖ πεπονθὼς ὑπ᾿ αὐτοῦ καὶ παρ᾿ ὁντινοῦν τῶν ὁμοτέχνων τετιμημένος, ἀλλ᾿ οὐδὲ τὸ παράπαν εἰ ἐξέπλευσεν Ἀπελλῆς ἐς Τύρον ἐξετάσας, εὐθὺς ἐξεμήνιεν1 καὶ βοῆς ἐνεπίμπλα τὰ βασίλεια τὸν ἀχάριστον κεκραγὼς καὶ τὸν ἐπίβουλον καὶ συνωμότην. καὶ εἴ γε μὴ τῶν συνειλημμένων τις ἀγανακτήσας ἐπὶ τῇ τοῦ Ἀντιφίλου ἀναισχυντίᾳ καὶ τὸν ἄθλιον Ἀπελλῆν κατελεήσας ἔφη μηδενὸς αὐτοῖς κεκοινωνηκέναι τὸν ἄνθρωπον, ἀπετέτμητο ἂν τὴν κεφαλὴν καὶ παραπολελαύκει τῶν ἐν Τύρῳ κακῶν οὐδὲν αὐτὸς αἴτιος γεγονώς.

Ὁ μὲν οὖν Πτολεμαῖος οὕτω λέγεται αἰσχυνθῆναι4 θῆναι ἐπὶ τοῖς γεγονόσιν, ὥστε τὸν μὲν Ἀπελλῆν ἑκατὸν ταλάντοις ἐδωρήσατο, τὸν δὲ Ἀντίφιλον δουλεύειν αὐτῷ παρέδωκεν. ὁ δὲ Ἀπελλῆς ὧν παρεκινδύνευσε μεμνημένος τοιᾷδέ τινι εἰκόνι ἠμύνατο τὴν διαβολήν. ἐν δεξιᾷ τις ἀνὴρ κάθηται5 τὰ ὦτα παμμεγέθη ἔχων μικροῦ δεῖν τοῖς τοῦ Μίδου προσεοικότα, τὴν χεῖρα προτείνων πόρρωθεν ἔτι προσιούσῃ τῇ Διαβολῇ. περὶ δὲ αὐτὸν ἑστᾶσι δύο γυναῖκες, Ἄγνοιά μοι δοκεῖ καὶ Ὑπόληψις· ἑτέρωθεν δὲ προσέρχεται ἡ Διαβολή, γύναιον ἐς ὑπερβολὴν πάγκαλον, ὑπόθερμον δὲ καὶ παρακεκινημένον, οἷον δὴ τὴν λύτταν καὶ τὴν ὀργὴν δεικνύουσα, τῇ μὲν ἀριστερᾷ δᾷδα καιομένην ἔχουσα, τῇ ἑτέρᾳ δὲ νεανίαν τινὰ τῶν τριχῶν σύρουσα τὰς χεῖρας ὀρέγοντα

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Slander

surprising charge that he did not take into account any of the probabilities, not considering either that the accuser was a rival or that a painter was too insignificant a person for so great a piece of treason—a painter, too, who had been well treated by him and honoured above any of his fellow-craftsmen. Indeed, he did not even enquire whether Apelles had gone to Tyre at all. On the contrary, he at once began to rave and filled the palace with noise, shouting “The ingrate,” “The plotter,” and “The conspirator.” And if one of his fellow-prisoners, who was indignant at the impudence of Antiphilus and felt sorry for poor Apelles, had not said that the man had not taken any part whatever in the affair, he would have had his head cut off, and so would have shared the consequences of the troubles in Tyre without being himself to blame for them in any way.

Ptolemy is said to have been so ashamed of the affair that he presented Apelles with a hundred talents and. gave him Antiphilus for his slave. Apelles, for his part, mindful of the risk that he had run, hit back at slander in a painting. On the right of it sits a man with very large ears, almost like those of Midas, extending his hand to Slander while she is still at some distance from him. Near him, on one side, stand two women—Ignorance, I think, and Suspicion. On the other side, Slander is coming up, a woman beautiful beyond measure, but full of passion and excitement, evincing as she does fury and wrath by carrying in her left hand a blazing torch and with the other dragging by the hair a young man who stretches out his hands to heaven

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.lucian-slander.1913