Livy, History of Rome 8

LCL 191: 4-5

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Livy

a.u.c. 413pro victis Antium agmine trepido sauciis ac parte 6impedimentorum relicta abierunt. Armorum magna vis cum inter caesa hostium corpora tum in castris inventa est. Ea Luae Matri dare se consul dixit finesque hostium usque ad oram maritimam est depopulatus.

7Alteri consuli Aemilio ingresso Sabellum agrum non castra Samnitium, non legiones usquam oppositae. Ferro ignique vastantem agros legati 8Samnitium pacem orantes adeunt; a quo reiecti ad senatum, potestate facta dicendi, positis ferocibus animis pacem sibi ab Romanis bellique ius adversus 9Sidicinos petierunt, quae se eo iustius petere, quod et in amicitiam populi Romani secundis suis rebus, non adversis ut Campani, venissent, et adversus Sidicinos sumerent arma, suos semper hostes, populi 10Romani nunquam amicos, qui nec ut Samnites in pace amicitiam nec ut Campani auxilium in bello petissent, nec in fide populi Romani nec in dicione essent.

II. Cum de postulatis Samnitium T. Aemilius praetor senatum consuluisset reddendumque iis 2foedus patres censuissent, praetor Samnitibus respondit nec quo minus perpetua cum eis amicitia esset per populum Romanum stetisse, nec contradici quin, quoniam ipsos belli culpa sua contracti taedium

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Book VIII

for Antium, with fear and trembling, abandoning b.c. 341their wounded and a part of their baggage. A great quantity of arms was found, not only amongst the slain but also in the enemy’s camp. Declaring1 that he gave these arms to Lua Mater, the consul proceeded to lay waste the enemy’s country as far as the coast.

The other consul, Aemilius, having entered the Sabellian2 territory, nowhere encountered a Samnite camp or levies. As he was ravaging their fields with fire and sword, he was approached by Samnite envoys, who begged for peace. Being referred by Aemilius to the senate, they obtained an audience, and giving over their air of arrogance, besought the Romans to grant them peace and the right to war against the Sidicini. These requests, they said, were the more justifiable, inasmuch as they had become friends of the Roman People when their state was flourishing and not, like the Campanians, in their adversity; moreover, it was against the Sidicini that they were drawing the sword, a people always their enemies and never friendly to the Romans, of whom they had never, like the Samnites, sought friendship in time of peace, nor assistance, like the Campanians, in time of war; neither were they under the protection of the Roman People, nor yet their subjects.

II. Titus Aemilius the praetor laid the petition of the Samnites before the senate, and the Fathers voted to renew the treaty with them. The praetor then replied to the ambassadors that the Roman People had not been to blame for the interruption of the friendship, and that, since the Samnites were themselves grown weary of a war contracted through

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.livy-history_rome_8.1926