Periocha Libri XLI
Ignis in aede Vestae extinctus est. Tib. Sempronius Gracchus pro cos. Celtiberos victos in deditionem accepit, monumentumque operum suorum Gracchurim oppidum in Hispania constituit; et a Postumio Albino pro cos. Vaccaei ac Lusitani subacti sunt. Uterque triumphavit. Antiochus, Antiochi filius, obses a patre Romanis datus mortuo fratre Seleuco, qui patri defuncto successerat, in regnum Syriae ab urbe dimissus. Qui praeter religionem, qua multa templa magnifica multis locis erexit,1 Athenis Iovis Olympii et Antiochiae Capitolini,2 vilissimum regem
Summary of Book XLI
1 *The fire in the temple of Vesta went out.2 *The proconsul3 Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus conquered and received the surrender of the Celtiberians, and as a monument to his labours established a town, Gracchuris,4 in Spain; also the Vaccaei and Lusitanians were subdued by the proconsul Postumius Albinus. Both celebrated triumphs. *Antiochus, son of Antiochus, who had been given to the Romans as a hostage by his father, on the death of his brother Seleucus, who had succeeded as king on their father’s decease, was sent back from the City to the throne of Syria.5 Apart from his piety, because of which he built many grand temples in many places—at Athens, the temple of Jupiter Olympius, and at Antioch, that of Jupiter Capitolinus—he played a very tawdry rôle
- 1The asterisk indicates that the events described in the following sentence were related in a lost portion of the book.
- 2Another instance of this ominous occurrence is related in XXVIII. xi. 6, and Valerius Maximus I. 1. 6 (206 b.c. ); a general discussion of the going out and rekindling of the fire is given by Dionysius of Halicarnassus, II. 66. 3.
- 3Gracchus and Albinus were, strictly speaking, praetors, but Livy uses the term “proconsul” freely for the praetors who governed Spain, cf. XLII. iii. 1 with XLII. x. 5.
- 4The town had existed previously under the name of Ilurcis (Festus Pauli ed. K. O. Muller, p. 97, s.v. Gracchuris). Later it had Latin rights (Pliny, Natural History III. 24) and coined its own money. Its citizens are mentioned in the Fragment of Bk. XCI, and it also appears in the late geographical works.
- 5This was Antiochus IV Epiphanes, son of Antiochus III the Great (d. 187 b.c. ). According to Appian, Syrian Wars ch. viii. 45, he was released from Rome by his brother Seleucus IV, who sent his son Demetrius to replace Antiochus. The ex-hostage spent some time in Athens on his way home, receiving honours and making himself agreeable, particularly in the matter of the temple of Zeus Olympius, begun under Peisistratus and only finished, in spite of the munificence of Antiochus, by Hadrian. At this time Antiochus probably gave the golden aegis with the Gorgon which Pausanias (V. xii. 4) saw above the theatre. Antiochus established himself on the throne in 175 b.c. by driving out a usurper, Heliodorus, who had murdered Seleucus; the kingdom of Pergamum assisted Antiochus at this time.