Livy, History of Rome 40

LCL 313: 458-459

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LIVY

3Ab Thessalonice Demetriadem ipsi cum iter esset, Astraeum Paeoniae Demetrium mittit cum eodem comite Dida, Perseum Amphipolim ad obsides Thracum accipiendos. 4digredienti ab se Didae mandata dedisse dicitur de filio occidendo. 5sacrificium ab Dida seu institutum seu simulatum est, ad quod celebrandum invitatus Demetrius ab Astraeo Heracleam venit. 6in ea cena dicitur venenum datum. poculo epoto extemplo sensit, et mox coortis doloribus, relicto convivio cum in cubiculum recepisset sese, crudelitatem patris conquerens, parricidium fratris ac Didae scelus incusans torquebatur. 7intromissi deinde Thyrsis quidam Stuberraeus et Beroeaeus Alexander, iniectis tapetibus in caput faucesque, spiritum intercluserunt. i8ta innoxius adulescens, cum in eo ne simplici quidem genere mortis contenti inimici fuissent, interficitur.

25. Dum haec in Macedonia geruntur, L. Aemilius prorogato ex consulatu imperio, principio veris in Ligures Ingaunos legiones introduxit.32 2ubi primum in hostium finibus castra posuit, legati ad eum per speciem pacis petendae speculatum venerunt. 3neganti Paullo nisi cum deditis pacisci se pacem, non tam id recusabant quam tempore aiebant opus esse, ut generi agresti hominum persuaderetur. 4ad hoc decem dierum indutiae cum darentur,

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BOOK XL

Philip himself was to travel from Thessalonica to Demetrias. He sent Demetrius, again in the company of Didas, to Astraeum74 in Paeonia, and Perseus he sent to Amphipolis to receive hostages from the Thracians.75 As Didas left him, Philip is said to have given him instructions about his son’s murder. Didas either held or pretended to hold a sacrifice; Demetrius was invited to participate and for it he came from Astraeum to Heraclea. At the dinner, it is said, he was given poison. After drinking the cup Demetrius immediately realized what was afoot. Soon the pains commenced; and he left the table and retired to his bedroom. Here he was racked with pain as he deplored his father’s cruelty and denounced his brother’s murderous act and Didas’ villainy. Then a certain Thyrsis from Stuberra and Alexander of Beroea were sent into the room and they pulled the coverlets over his head and mouth and smothered him. This was how the guiltless young man was murdered, with his enemies not even satisfied with a single form of death for him.

25. While this was taking place in Macedonia, Lucius Aemilius,76 who had had his imperium extended after his consulship, led his legions77 against the Ligurian Ingauni at the beginning of spring. As soon as he pitched camp in enemy territory, some envoys came to him, ostensibly to seek peace but really to gather intelligence. When Paullus said that he negotiated peace only with those who surrendered, the men did not reject this outright but claimed that, their countrymen being peasants, they needed time to bring them round. When given a ten-day truce for this,

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.livy-history_rome_40.2018