septem milia peditum sociorum ac Latini nominis et quadringentos equites, et mittere ad M. Marcellum in Galliam, cui ex consulatu prorogatum imperium erat. 7in Hispaniam utramque quae ducerentur quattuor milia peditum civium Romanorum et ducenti equites, et sociorum septem milia peditum cum trecentis equitibus, scribi iussa. 8et Q. Fabio Labeoni cum exercitu quem habebat in Liguribus prorogatum in annum imperium est.
2. Ver procellosum eo anno fuit. pridie Parilia, medio ferme die, atrox cum vento tempestas coorta multis sacris profanisque locis stragem fecit, signa aenea in Capitolio deiecit, forem ex aede Lunae, 2quae in Aventino est, raptam tulit et in posticis parietibus Cereris templi adfixit, signa alia in circo maximo cum columnis quibus superstabant evertit, 3fastigia aliquot templorum a culminibus abrupta foede dissipavit. itaque in prodigium versa ea tempestas, procurarique haruspices iusserunt. 4simul procuratum est quod tripedem mulum Reate natum nuntiatum erat, et a Formiis aedem Apollinis Caietae de caelo tactam. ob ea prodigia viginti hostiis maioribus sacrificatum et diem unum supplicatio fuit.
infantry and 400 cavalry from the allies and those with Latin rights, and to send them into Gaul to Marcus Marcellus, whose imperium had been prorogued after his consulship.5 There were also orders for the enrollment of troops that were to be led into the two Spains: 4,000 infantry and 200 cavalry made up of Roman citizens, and 7,000 infantry plus 300 cavalry from the allies. Furthermore, Quintus Fabius Labeo saw his imperium prorogued for a year in Liguria and retained command of his army there.
2. It was a stormy spring that year. On the day before the Parilia,6 at about noon, a terrible storm with squalls arose and caused severe damage at many locations both sacred and secular. It toppled bronze statues on the Capitol; it tore a door off the temple of Luna on the Aventine, carried it along and left it lodged against the rear walls of the temple of Ceres;7 it overturned other statues in the Circus Maximus along with the pedestals on which they stood; and it ripped the pediments off the roofs of a number of temples and reduced them to unsightly rubble. As a result, the storm was taken as a prodigy and the haruspices prescribed expiatory ceremonies. Expiation was also made at this time because it had been reported that a three-footed mule had been born at Reate and, in addition, because of news from Formiae that the temple of Apollo at Caieta had been struck by lightning.8As a result of these prodigies a sacrifice of twenty full-sized victims offered and there was a single day of supplication.9
- 5M. Claudius Marcellus, who wanted to invade Histria the previous year (39.55.4).
- 6An agricultural festival whose importance was later on enhanced because it fell on April 21, regarded as the day of Rome’s foundation in 753 BC. Bad weather at this time resulted from the dislocation of the Roman calendar, which meant that April 21 was (by the Julian calendar) actually January 1.
- 7For these temples on the Aventine, cf. Richardson 238 (Luna), 80–81 (Ceres).
- 8Reate: Barr. 42 D4 (the same phenomenon is reported again at Reate later [45.4, below]); Formiae and Caieta: 44 E3.
- 9Supplication: 38.36.4 note.