A newer edition of this work is available: 2018

Livy, History of Rome 40

LCL 332: 180-181

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Livy

Libri XL Periocha

Cum Philippus liberos eorum quos in vinculis habebat nobilium hominum conquiri ad mortem iussisset, Theoxena, verita pro liberis suis admodum pueris regis libidinem, prolatis in medium gladiis et poculo in quo venenum erat, suasit his ut imminens ludibrium morte effugerent, et cum persuasisset et ipsa se interemit. Certamina inter filios Philippi, Macedoniae regis, Persen et Demetrium, referuntur; et ut fraude fratris sui Demetrius fictis criminibus, inter quae1 accusatione parricidii et affectati regni,2 primum petitus, ad ultimum, quoniam populi R. amicus erat, veneno necatus est, regnumque Macedoniae mortuo Philippo ad Persen venit. Item res in Liguribus et His-pania contra Celtiberos feliciter gestas continet. Colonia Aquileia deducta est. Libri Numae Pompili in agro L. Petili scribae sub Ianiculo a3 cultoribus agri arca lapidea clusi inventi sunt et Graeci et Latini. In quibus cum pleraque4 dissolvendarum religionum praetor ad quem delati erant legisset, iuravit senatui contra rem p. esse ut legerentur servarenturque. Ex S.C. in comitio exusti sunt. Philippus aegritudine animi confectus, quod Demetrium filium falsis5 Persei, alterius filii, in eum delationibus impulsus veneno sustulisset, et de poena Persei cogitavit voluitque Antigonum potius amicum suum successorem regni sui relinquere, sed in hac cogitatione morte raptus est. Perseus regnum excepit.

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Book XL

Summary of Book XL

When Philip ordered that the children of the noblemen whom he had in prison should be sought out to be put to death, Theoxena, fearing for her children, who were still young, the lust of the king, placing before them swords and a cup which contained poison, advised them to escape by death the outrage which now threatened them, and when she had persuaded them she also slew herself. The rivalries between Perseus and Demetrius, the sons of Philip, king of Macedonia, are related; and how, by the treachery of his brother and on false charges, among them a charge of parricide and of an attempt to seize the throne, Demetrius was first accused and finally, since he was friendly to the Roman people, put to death by poison, and the kingdom of Macedonia, on the death of Philip, went to Perseus. The book also contains the events among the Ligurians and the victories over the Celtiberians in Spain. The colony of Aquileia was founded. The books of Numa Pompilius, locked up in a stone chest, written in both Greek and Latin, were found by the husbandmen on the property of Lucius Petilius, a public clerk, at the foot of the Janiculan. Since in them there were many things subversive of religion, the praetor to whom they had been turned over, after reading them, gave his oath to the senate that it was against the public interest that they should be read and preserved. Under a decree of the senate they were burned in the comitium. Philip, overcome by grief of mind, because he had killed by poison his son Demetrius, in consequence of false information laid against him by his other son Perseus, both planned for the punishment of Perseus and wished to leave his friend Antigonus preferably as the successor to the throne, but in the midst of this planning was carried off by death. Perseus received the kingdom.

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.livy-history_rome_40.1938