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LIVY

a Prusia, Bithyniae rege, ad quem victo Antiocho confugerat, cum dederetur Romanis, qui ad exposcendum eum T. Quinctium Flamininum miserant, veneno mortem consciit. Philopoemen quoque, dux Achaeorum, vir maximus, a Messeniis occisus veneno, cum ab his in bello captus esset.

Coloniae Potentia69 et Pisaurum et Mutina et Parma deductae sunt. praeterea res adversus Celtiberos prospere gestas et initia causasque belli Macedonici continet. cuius origo inde fluxit, quod Philippus aegre ferebat regnum suum a Romanis imminui et quod cogeretur a Thracibus aliisque locis praesidia deducere.

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BOOK XXXIX

men, Hannibal also committed suicide with poison just when he was being surrendered to the Romans by Prusias, king of Bithynia, with whom he had sought refuge after the defeat of Antiochus (the Romans had sent Titus Quinctius Flamininus to demand his rendition). Furthermore, Philopoemen, leader of the Achaeans and a great man, was executed with poison by the Messenians after he was captured in battle by them.

The colonies of Potentia, Pisaurum, Mutina, and Parma were established. The book also contains the successful operations against the Celtiberians and the beginnings and causes of the Macedonian War. Its origin lay in Philip’s resentment over the diminution of his realm by the Romans and his being forced to withdraw his garrisons from areas of Thrace and other locations.

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.livy-history_rome_39.2018