usquam tempus, nullum locum quietum aut securum esse sineret; oppugnatio necessaria munitorum castellorum, laboriosa simul periculosaque; inops regio, quae parsimonia astringeret milites, praedae haud multum praeberet. 7itaque non lixa sequebatur, non iumentorum longus ordo agmen extendebat. nihil praeter arma et viros omnem spem in armis habentes erat. 8nec deerat unquam cum iis vel materia belli vel causa, quia propter domesticam inopiam vicinos agros incursabant. nec tamen in discrimen summae rerum pugnabatur.

2. C. Flaminius consul, cum Friniatibus Liguribus in agro eorum pluribus proeliis secundis factis, in deditionem gentem accepit et arma ademit. 2ea quia non sincera fide tradebant cum castigarentur, relictis vicis in montem Auginum profugerunt. 3confestim secutus est consul. ceterum effusi rursus, et pars maxima inermes, per invia et rupes deruptas praecipitantes fugerunt, qua sequi hostis non posset. ita trans Appenninum abierunt. qui castris se tenuerant, circumsessi et expugnati sunt.

4Inde trans Appenninum ductae legiones. ibi montis quem ceperant altitudine paulisper se tutati, mox in deditionem concesserunt. tum conquisita cum intentiore cura arma, et omnia adempta.

5Translatum deinde ad Apuanos Ligures bellum, qui in



who permitted rest or security at no time and in no place; fortified strongholds that had to be attacked, entailing hardship and risk at the same time; and an impoverished landscape that obliged the men to live frugally and offered little in the way of plunder. Thus there was no camp follower with them and no long line of pack animals drawing out the column. There was nothing but arms and men who placed all their hopes in those arms. And an occasion or motive for war with the Ligurians was never lacking: because of the poverty of their own homeland they would be habitually raiding their neighbors’ territory. Even so, the fighting was not producing a final resolution of the conflict.

2. After several successful battles fought with the Ligurian Friniates3 in their territory, the consul Gaius Flaminius accepted the tribe’s surrender and disarmed them. When they were punished for failing to make an honest surrender of their arms, the Friniates abandoned their villages and sought refuge on Mt. Auginus. The consul swiftly followed them. But scattering once more, and most of them lacking weapons, they fled headlong over rugged country and steep cliffs where their enemy could not follow and in this way made good their escape over the Apennines. Those who had stayed in camp were surrounded and overwhelmed.

From there the legions were taken across the Apennines. Here the enemy briefly succeeded in defending themselves thanks to the height of a mountain they had seized but soon capitulated. At this time a more thorough search for their weapons was instituted and they were totally disarmed.

The theater of war was then transferred to the Ligurian

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.livy-history_rome_39.2018