6Quattuor primo fuerunt coniurati adversus Macedonum praesidium. hi senos sibi adiutores ad rem gerendam adsumpserunt; dein paucitate parum freti, quae celandae rei quam agendae aptior erat, parem priori numerum adiecerunt. 7ita duo et quinquaginta facti quadrifariam se diviserunt; pars una Heracleam, altera Tetraphyliam petit, ubi custodia regiae pecuniae esse solita erat, tertia Theudoriam, quarta Argitheam. 8ita inter omnes convenit, ut primo quieti, velut ad privatam rem agendam venissent, in foro obversarentur; die certa multitudinem omnem4 convocarent ad praesidia Macedonum arcibus expellenda. 9ubi ea dies advenit, et Amynander cum mille Aetolis in finibus erat, ex composito quattuor simul locis praesidia Macedonum expulsa, litteraeque in alias urbes passim dimissae, ut vindicarent sese ab impotenti dominatione Philippi et regem5 restituerent in patrium ac legitimum regnum. 10undique Macedones expelluntur. Telum oppidum, litteris a Xenone praefecto praesidii interceptis et arce ab regiis occupata, paucos dies obsidentibus restitit; 11deinde id quoque traditum Amynandro est, et omnis Athamania in potestate erat praeter Athenaeum castellum, finibus Macedoniae subiectum.

2. Philippus, audita defectione Athamaniae, cum sex



At first the conspiracy against the Macedonian garrison comprised four people. Each enlisted six assistants to execute the plot; then, feeling little confidence in their small numbers, which were better suited for keeping the operation secret than bringing it off, they added the same number again. Now fifty-two strong, they divided themselves into four groups. One made for Heraclea, another for Tetraphylia (where the royal treasure was usually kept under guard), the third for Theudoria and the fourth for Argithea.6 The agreement made among all of them was that they would at first circulate unobtrusively in the forum as if they had come to transact private business; then, on the prearranged date, they would call together all the common people to drive the Macedonian garrisons from the citadels. When that date arrived and Amynander was at the border with 1,000 Aetolians, the Macedonian garrisons were simultaneously driven from the four locations according to plan. Letters were then sent off in all directions to the various other towns urging them to take a stand against Philip’s oppressive tyranny and restore their king to the ancestral throne that was his by right. The Macedonians were expelled in all quarters. The town of Telum withstood a siege for a few days as its letter had been intercepted by Xenon, the garrison commander, and the citadel was seized by the king’s troops. Then this, too, was surrendered to Amynander, and all Athamania was now in his hands with the exception of the fortress of Athenaeum,7 which lay close to the border of Macedonia.

2. When he heard of the revolt of Athamania, Philip set

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.livy-history_rome_38.2018