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Livy, History of Rome 30

LCL 381: 436-437

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Livy

a.u.c. 551XIX. Mago proximae silentio noctis profectus, quantum pati viae per volnus poterat itineribus extentis, 2ad mare in Ligures Ingaunos pervenit. Ibi eum legati ab Carthagine paucis ante diebus in sinum Gallicum adpulsis navibus adierunt, iubentes 3primo quoque tempore in Africam traicere;1 id et fratrem eius Hannibalem—nam ad eum quoque isse legatos eadem iubentes—facturum; non in eo esse Carthaginiensium res ut Galliam atque Italiam armis 4obtineant. Mago non imperio modo senatus periculoque patriae motus, sed metuens etiam ne victor hostis moranti instaret, Liguresque ipsi, relinqui Italiam a Poenis cernentes, ad eos quorum mox in 5potestate futuri essent deficerent, simul sperans leniorem2 in navigatione quam in via iactationem volneris fore et curationi omnia commodiora, impositis copiis in naves profectus, vixdum superata Sardinia ex volnere moritur. Naves quoque aliquot Poenorum disiectae in alto a classe Romana quae 6circa Sardiniam erat capiuntur. Haec terra marique in parte Italiae quae3 iacet ad Alpes gesta. Consul C. Servilius, nulla memorabili re in provincia Etruria Galliaque—nam eo quoque processerat—gesta,

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Book XXX

XIX. Mago set out in the stillness of the following b.c. 203night and, lengthening the day’s marches as much as he could endure by reason of his wound, he reached the sea in the country of the Ligurian Ingauni.1 There envoys from Carthage came to him, having put in a few days before into the Gallic Gulf,2 bringing him orders to cross over to Africa as soon as possible. His brother Hannibal, they said, would do the same; for to him also envoys had gone bearing the same command; that the Carthaginian state was in no position to hold Gaul and Italy by armed forces. Mago was not only swayed by the command from the senate and the danger of his city, but also feared that if he delayed the victorious enemy might be upon him, and the Ligurians themselves, seeing that the Carthaginians were abandoning Italy, might go over to the side of those in whose power they would presently be. Hoping at the same time that motion would be less painful to his wound on shipboard than on the road and everything more convenient for treatment, he embarked his troops and sailed, but had hardly passed Sardinia when he died of his wound.3 In addition a considerable number of the Carthaginian ships, being scattered in the open sea, were captured by the Roman fleet which was off Sardinia. Such were the events on land and sea in that part of Italy which borders upon the Alps.

The consul Gaius Servilius, who had accomplished nothing that deserves mention in his province of Etruria and in Gaul—for he had advanced into that

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.livy-history_rome_30.1949