a.u.c. 5516locus esset; iuris pontificii peritissimus; super haec bellicae quoque laudis consulatus compotem fecerat. Quod in Bruttiis provincia, idem in Etruria ac 7Liguribus decretum: M. Cornelius novo consuli tradere exercitum iussus; ipse prorogato imperio Galliam provinciam obtineret1 cum legionibus 8iis quas L. Scribonius priore anno habuisset. Sortiti deinde provincias: Caepioni Bruttii, Gemino2 9Etruria evenit. Tum praetorum provinciae in sortem coniectae: iuris dictionem urbanam Paetus Aelius, Sardiniam P. Lentulus, Siciliam3 P. Villius, Ariminum cum duabus legionibus—sub Sp. Lucretio eae fuerant 10—Quinctilius Varus est sortitus. Et Lucretio prorogatum imperium, ut Genuam oppidum a Magone Poeno dirutum exaedificaret. P. Scipioni non temporis, sed rei gerendae fine, donec debellatum in 11Africa foret, prorogatum imperium est; decretumque ut supplicatio fieret, quod is in Africam provinciam traiecisset, ut ea res salutaris populo Romano ipsique duci atque exercitui esset.
II. In Siciliam tria milia militum sunt scripta, quia4 quod roboris ea provincia habuerat in Africam
- 1obtineret AsNsHVJK Froben 2, Luchs, Luterbacher: -ere P(1)N Aldus, Eds., Conway.
- 2Gemino, before this P(1)NHJK Eds. have Servilio (om. by V), rejected by Madvig, Conway as the nomen of both consuls.
- 3P. Lentulus, Siciliam AsNsHVJK: om. P(1)N, one line.
- 4quia, before this P(1)NSp(prob.)HVJK Aldus have et, rejected by Gronovius, Madvig, Riemann, Conway: retained by those who put a period after oram, p. 370.
to persuade or dissuade. In the pontifical law he was b.c. 203 accounted a master; and now, to crown these distinctions, his consulship had brought him military laurels as well.1 The decision taken in regard to the land of the Bruttii as a province was repeated in the case of Etruria and Liguria. Marcus Cornelius was ordered to turn over his army to the new consul, and himself, with his command continued, to hold Gaul as his assignment, having the legions which Lucius Scribonius had held the year before. Thereupon they drew their assignments by lot, the Bruttian country falling to Caepio, Etruria to Geminus. Lots were then cast for the praetors’ assignments. Aelius Paetus2 drew the city praetorship, Publius Lentulus Sardinia, Publius Villius Sicily, Quinctilius Varus Ariminum with two legions which had been under the command of Spurius Lucretius. Lucretius’ command also was continued, that he might build up the town of Genua,3 destroyed by Mago the Carthaginian. Publius Scipio’s command was prolonged, not for a fixed time but to the completion of his task, until the war in Africa should be over. And it was decreed that there should be a season of prayer that his crossing over to Africa as his province might be beneficial to the Roman people and to the commander himself and his army.
II. For Sicily three thousand soldiers were enrolled because all the best troops that province used to have
- 1No important victory of Crassus is known. Elected pontifex maximus in 212 b.c. (XXV. v. 3 f.), he held that office for 29 years down to his death in 183 b.c. His funeral was marked by many gladiatorial combats, games and a public feast in the Forum; XXXIX. xlvi. 2 ff. Livy’s portrait reads like a laudatio funebris, and it would seem more in place in Book XXXIX than here. Cf. Cicero de Orat. III. 134.
- 2Elected at XXIX. xxxviii. 4; consul in 201 b.c. ; below, xl. 5; censor with Scipio Africanus in 199 b.c. ; XXXII. vii. 2.
- 3Cf. XXVIII. xlvi. 8 and note.