a.u.c 547I. Cum transitu Hasdrubalis, quantum in Italiam1 declinaverat belli, tantum levatae Hispaniae viderentur, 2renatum ibi subito par priori bellum est. Hispanias ea tempestate sic habebant Romani Poenique: Hasdrubal Gisgonis filius ad Oceanum penitus Gadesque 3concesserat; nostri maris ora omnisque ferme Hispania qua in orientem vergit Scipionis ac Romanae 4dicionis erat. Novus imperator Hanno in locum Barcini Hasdrubalis novo cum exercitu ex Africa transgressus Magonique iunctus, cum in Celtiberia, quae media inter duo maria est, brevi magnum hominum 5numerum armasset, Scipio adversus eum M. Silanum cum decem haud amplius2 milibus militum, equitibus 6quingentis misit. Silanus quantis maximis potuit
I. While the passage of Hasdrubal,1 by shifting b.c. 207the war to Italy, was felt to have lightened in proportion the burden for Spain, suddenly a war as dangerous as the former broke out again in that country. Spanish territory was at that time occupied by Romans and Carthaginians as follows: Hasdrubal son of Gisgo had retired all the way to the Ocean and Gades; the coast of Our Sea and nearly all of Spain facing eastward were under Scipio and Roman rule; a new commander, Hanno,2 as successor to Hasdrubal Barca had crossed over from Africa with a new army, and uniting with Mago, had promptly armed men in large numbers in Celtiberia, which lies directly between the two seas. Whereupon Scipio sent Marcus Silanus3 with not more than ten thousand infantry and five hundred cavalry against Hanno. Silanus made his marches as long
- 1Hasdrubal’s attempt to aid his brother Hannibal by Second invasion of Italy had ended in disaster at the Metaurus; XXVII. xlvii. ff. The narrative now reverts to Spain, where a third brother, Mago, was in command of an army.
- 2When a second descent upon Italy was first planned nine years earlier, Hasdrubal had urged the authorities at Carthage to send out another army with a general to take his place in Spain; XXIII. xxvii. 12. A new commander has now arrived, but this Hanno is soon captured and sent to Rome; ii. 11; iv. 4.
- 3Cf. XXVI. xix. 10; XXVII. vii. 17; xxii. 7.