Livy, History of Rome 26

LCL 367: 196-197

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Hannibal ad tertium lapidem ab urbe Roma super Anienem castra posuit. ipse cum duobus milibus equitum usque ad ipsam Capenam portam, ut situm urbis exploraret, obequitavit. et cum per triduum in aciem utrimque exercitus omnis descendisset, certamen tempestas diremit; nam cum in castra redisset, statim serenitas erat. Capua capta est a Q. Fulvio et Ap. Claudio coss. principes Campanorum veneno sibi mortem consciverunt. cum senatus Campanorum deligatus esset ad palos ut securi feriretur, litteras a senatu missas Q. Fulvius consul, quibus iubebatur parcere, antequam legeret, in sinu posuit et lege agi iussit et supplicium peregit. cum comitiis apud populum quaereretur cui mandaretur Hispaniarum imperium, nullo id volente suscipere, P. Scipio, P. filius eius qui in Hispania ceciderat, professus est se iturum, et suffragio populi consensuque omnium missus Novam Carthaginem expugnavit, cum haberet annos XXIIII videreturque divina stirpe, quia et ipse, postquam togam acceperat, cotidie




Hannibal pitched camp on the bank of the River Anio at the third milestone from the city of Rome. He rode in person right up to the Porta Capena236 with two thousand of his cavalry to examine the lie of the city. And although the entire army on each side had gone out into battle formation on three consecutive days, a storm broke off the engagement; for when each side returned to camp, there was immediately fine weather. Capua was taken by the consuls Quintus Fulvius and Appius Claudius. The leading men of the Capuans committed suicide with poison. When the Capuan senators had been tied to stakes for beheading, the consul Quintus Fulvius placed in the fold of his toga, before reading it, a letter sent to him by the senate, in which he was instructed to spare them; he then ordered the law to be applied and carried out the execution. At the elections the question arose before the people of who should be given command of the two Spanish provinces, and when no one was willing to take it Publius Scipio, son of the Publius who had fallen in Spain, declared that he would go; and, sent there by vote of the people and by general agreement, he stormed New Carthage. He was twenty-four years of age and appeared to be of divine descent, both because he himself, after assuming

  • 236As in Valerius Maximus (3.7.10); in Livy, Collina (as also Plin. 15.76).
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.livy-history_rome_26.2020