Livy, History of Rome 25

LCL 355: 498-499

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LIVY

LIBRI XXV PERIOCHA

P. Cornelius Scipio, postea Africanus, ante annos aedilis factus. Hannibal urbem Tarenton praeter arcem, in quam praesidium Romanorum fugerat, per Tarentinos iuvenes, qui se noctu venatum ire simulaverant, cepit. Ludi Apollinares ex Marcii carminibus, quibus Cannensis clades praedicta fuerat, instituti sunt. A Q. Fulvio et Ap. Claudio consulibus adversus Hannonem Poenorum ducem prospere pugnatum est. Tib. Sempronius Gracchus proconsul, ab hospite suo Lucano in insidias deductus, a Magone interfectus est. Centenius Paenula, qui centurio militaverat, cum petisset a senatu ut sibi exercitus daretur, pollicitusqe esset, si hoc impetrasset, de Hannibale victoriam, V̅I̅I̅I̅ acceptis militum dux factus conflixit acie cum Hannibale et cum exercitu caesus est. Capua obsessa est a Q. Fulvio et Ap. Claudio consulibus. Cn. Fulvius praetor male adversus Hannibalem pugnavit, in quo proelio X̅X̅ hominum ceciderunt; ipse cum equitibus ducentis effugit. Claudius Marcellus Syracusas expugnavit tertio anno et ingentem se virum gessit. In eo tumultu captae urbis Archimedes intentus formis quas in pulvere descripserat

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BOOK XXV

SUMMARY OF BOOK XXV

Publius Cornelius Scipio, later Africanus, became aedile before the legal age. Hannibal, with the aid of young Tarentines who had pretended to be going hunting at night, captured the city of Tarentum, except the citadel, to which the Roman garrison had fled. The Ludi Apollinares were established in accordance with the oracles of Marcius in which the disaster at Cannae had been predicted. A successful battle was fought by the consuls Quintus Fulvius and Appius Claudius against Hanno, a general of the Carthaginians. Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus, the proconsul, was led into an ambuscade by his Lucanian guest friend and killed by Mago. Centenius Paenula, who had served as a centurion, after begging the senate to give him an army and promising a victory over Hannibal if he gained his request, received eight thousand soldiers, was made commander, engaged Hannibal in battle line, and was killed with his army. Capua was besieged by Quintus Fulvius and Appius Claudius, the consuls. Gnaeus Fulvius, a praetor, was defeated in a battle with Hannibal in which twenty thousand men fell. Fulvius himself escaped with two hundred horsemen. Claudius Marcellus took Syracuse after two years and conducted himself as a great man. In that uproar of the captured city Archimedes was killed while intent upon the figures he had traced in the dust.

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.livy-history_rome_25.2020