Livy, History of Rome 23

LCL 355: 172-173

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LIVY

LIBRI XXIII PERIOCHA

Campani ad Hannibalem defecerunt. Nuntius Cannensis victoriae Mago Carthaginem missus anulos aureos corporibus occisorum detractos in vestibulo curiae effudit, quos excessisse modii mensuram traditur. Post quem nuntium Hanno, vir ex Poenis nobilibus, suadebat senatui Carthaginiensium ut pacem a populo Romano peterent; nec tenuit obstrepente Barcina factione. Claudius Marcellus praetor ad Nolam eruptione adversus Hannibalem ex oppido facta prospere pugnavit. Casilinum a Poenis obsessum ita fame vexatum est ut lora et pelles scutis detractas et mures inclusi essent. Nucibus per Volturnum amnem a Romanis missis vixerunt. Senatus ex equestri ordine hominibus centum nonaginta septem suppletus est. L. Postumius praetor a Gallis cum exercitu caesus est. Cn. et P. Scipiones in Hispania Hasdrubalem vicerunt et Hispaniam suam fecerunt. Reliquiae Cannensis exercitus in Siciliam relegatae sunt, ne recederent inde nisi finito bello. Sempronius Gracchus consul Campanos cecidit. Claudius Marcellus praetor Hannibalis exercitum ad Nolam proelio fudit et vicit, primusque tot cladibus fessis

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BOOK XXIII

SUMMARY OF BOOK XXIII

The Campanians revolted to Hannibal. Sent to Carthage to report the victory at Cannae, Mago poured out golden rings taken from bodies of the fallen before the entrance of the senate house; and tradition has it that there were more than a peck of them. After that report Hanno, one of the Carthaginian nobles, tried to persuade the Carthaginian senate to sue for peace from the Roman people. And he did not carry it through, since the Barca faction loudly protested. The praetor Claudius Marcellus fought with success at Nola, making a sally from the city against Hannibal. Casilinum, invested by the Carthaginians, suffered so much from starvation that the besieged ate thongs, hides stripped off from shields, and rats. They lived on nuts sent down the river Volturnus by the Romans. The senate was supplemented by one hundred and ninety-seven men from the equestrian order. Lucius Postumius, the praetor, was killed with his army by the Gauls. Gnaeus and Publius Scipio defeated Hasdrubal in Spain and made Spain theirs. The remnants of the army of Cannae were relegated to Sicily, not to leave there until after the end of the war. The consul Sempronius Gracchus totally defeated the Campanians. Claudius Marcellus, a praetor, routed and defeated Hannibal’s army in battle at Nola, and was the first to give the Romans, exhausted from

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.livy-history_rome_23.2020