Hannibal per continuas vigilias in paludibus oculo amisso in Etruriam venit, per quas paludes quadriduo et tribus noctibus sine ulla requie iter fecit. C. Flaminius consul, homo temerarius, contra auspicia profectus signis militaribus effossis, quae tolli non poterant, et ab equo quem conscenderat per caput devolutus, insidiis ab Hannibale circumventus ad Thrasymennum lacum cum exercitu caesus est. sex milia, quae eruperant, fide ab Atherbale78 data perfidia Hannibalis vincta sunt. cum ad nuntium cladis Romae luctus esset, duae matres ex insperato receptis filiis gaudio mortuae sunt. ob hanc cladem ex Sibyllinis libris ver sacrum votum.

Cum deinde Q. Fabius Maximus dictator adversus Hannibalem missus nollet acie cum eo confligere, ne contra ferocem tot victoriis hostem adversis proeliis milites pugnare committeret, et opponendo se tantum conatus Hannibalis impediret, M. Minucius magister equitum,




Hannibal, losing sleep continuously in the marshes, went blind in one eye, and reached Etruria after marching through the swamps for four days and three nights without rest. Gaius Flaminius the consul, a headstrong man, set out, against the warning of the auspices, after digging out the military standards that they had been unable to pull up and after the horse which he had mounted had thrown him over its head; and trapped by Hannibal in an ambush at Lake Thrasymennus, he was killed and his army cut to pieces. Six thousand men who had broken through the enemy’s lines were thrown into chains through Hannibal’s treachery, despite the pledge that Atherbal194had given them. While the Romans were in mourning at the news of this calamity, two mothers died of joy on recovering the sons whom they had given up for lost. Because of this calamity a Sacred Spring was vowed at the direction of the Sibylline Books.

After that Quintus Fabius Maximus, who had been sent out as dictator to oppose Hannibal, was unwilling to meet him in the open field. He would not trust his soldiers, who had been cowed by these defeats, in a battle with an enemy emboldened by his victories; and was satisfied merely to thwart the efforts of Hannibal by blocking his way. Marcus Minucius, the master of horse, a rash and

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.livy-history_rome_22.2019