Livy, History of Rome 22

LCL 233: 192-193

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1. Iam ver appetebat cum1 Hannibal ex hibernis movit, et nequiquam ante conatus transcendere Appenninum intolerandis frigoribus et cum ingenti periculo moratus ac metu. 2Galli, quos praedae populationumque conciverat spes, postquam pro eo ut ipsi ex alieno agro raperent agerentque, suas terras sedem belli esse premique utriusque partis exercituum hibernis videre, 3verterunt retro in Hannibalem ab Romanis odia; petitusque saepe principum insidiis, ipsorum inter se fraude, eadem levitate qua consenserant consensum indicantium, servatus erat et mutando nunc vestem nunc tegumenta capitis errore etiam sese ab insidiis munierat. 4ceterum hic quoque ei timor causa fuit maturius movendi ex hibernis.

Per idem tempus Cn. Seruilius consul Romae idibus Martiis magistratum iniit. 5ibi cum de re publica rettulisset, redintegrata in C. Flaminium invidia est: duos se consules




1. Spring was already approaching when Hannibal moved from his winter quarters. His earlier attempt to cross the Apennines had been frustrated by the unbearably cold weather and his waiting had also been very dangerous and fraught with fear. The Gauls, whom hope of plunder and booty had inspired to join him, could see that, instead of pillaging and despoiling the territory of others, their own lands were the theater of war and they were also burdened with providing winter quarters for both sides’ armies. They accordingly redirected their hatred back to Hannibal from the Romans. Often a target of their chieftains’ plots, he had been kept from harm by the Gauls’ own treacherous interrelations, since they betrayed a conspiracy as easily as they had formed it; and he had also protected himself against ambush by confusing them with various changes of clothing and headgear.1 But this fear was a further reason for his premature move from winter quarters.

It was at about this same time that, on the Ides of March,2 the consul Gnaeus Servilius entered office in Rome. There, when he opened discussion of affairs of state, the senators’ animosity toward Gaius Flaminius resurfaced. They had elected two consuls, they said, but had

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.livy-history_rome_22.2019