Licymnius, Testimonia

LCL 144: 32-33

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Testimonia Vitae Atque Artis

1Arist. Rhet. 3. 12. 1413b (p. 211s. Römer)

βαστάζονται δὲ οἱ ἀναγνωστικοί, οἷον Χαιρήμων (ἀκριβὴς γὰρ ὥσπερ λογογράφος) καὶ Λικύμνιος τῶν διθυραμβοποιῶν.

2 Pl. Phdr. 267b

τὰ δὲ Πώλου πῶς φράσωμεν αὖ μουσεῖα λόγων—ὡς διπλασιολογίαν καὶ γνωμολογίαν καὶ εἰκονολογίαν —ὀνομάτων τε Λικυμνιείων (Ast: Λικυμνίων codd.) ἃ ἐκείνῳ ἐδωρήσατο πρὸς ποίησιν εὐεπείας;

Schol. ad loc.

ὁ Λικύμνοις δὲ Πώλου διδάσκαλος, ὃς διῄρει τὰ ὀνόματα εἰς κύρια, σύνθετα, ἀδελφά, ἐπίθετα καὶ εἰς ἄλλα τινά.



Life and Work

1 Aristotle, Rhetoric

The popular poets are those who can be read,2 for example, Chaeremon,3 who is as precise as if he were a speech-writer, and Licymnius among dithyrambic poets.

2 Plato, Phaedrus

And what about Polus and his Muses’ treasury of speech—his diplasiology and gnomology and iconology—and of the Licymnian terminology which he presented to him to effect a fine diction?

Scholiast on the passage

Licymnius was Polus’ teacher1; he divided nouns into proper, compound, cognate, epithet and so on.

  • 1From Chios: see 768, 771, 772.
  • 2I.e., who do not rely on the performance of their work by actor or chorus.
  • 3Tragic poet, mid-4th c. b.c.
  • 1C. 420 b.c. Dionysius of Halicarnassus says L. and Polus were pupils of Gorgias (Lys. 3; cf. Thuc. 24). For L.’s writing on rhetoric see Arist. Rhet. 3. 2. 1405b, 3. 13. 1414b with schol., and fr. 773.
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.licymnius-testimonia.1993