Lasus, Fragments

LCL 476: 306-307

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Greek Lyric




(a) Athen. 14. 624ef (iii 377s. Kaibel)

τὸ δὲ τῶν Αἰολέων ἦθος ἔχει τὸ γαῦρον καὶ ὀγκῶδες, ἔτι δὲ ὑπόχαυνον· ὁμολογεῖ δὲ ταῦτα ταῖς ἱπποτροφίαις αὐτῶν καὶ ξενοδοχίαις· οὐ πανοῦργον δέ, ἀλλὰ ἐξηρμένον καὶ τεθαρρηκός. διὸ καὶ οἰκεῖόν ἐστ᾿ αὐτοῖς ἡ φιλοποσία καὶ τὰ ἐρωτικὰ καὶ πᾶσα ἡ περὶ τὴν δίαιταν ἄνεσις. διόπερ ἔχουσι τὸ τῆς ὑποδωρίου καλουμένης ἁρμονίας ἦθος. αὕτη γάρ ἐστι, φησὶν ὁ Ἡρακλείδης (fr. 163 Wehrli), ἣν ἐκάλουν Αἰολίδα, ὡς καὶ Λᾶσος ὁ Ἑρμιονεὺς ἐν τῷ εἰς τὴν ἐν Ἑρμιόνι Δήμητρα ὕμνῳ λέγων οὕτως·

Δάματρα μέλπω Κόραν τε Κλυμένοι᾿ ἄλοχον μελιβόαν ὕμνον ἀναγνέων Αἰολίδ᾿ ἂμ βαρύβρομον ἁρμονίαν.

ταῦτα δ᾿ ᾄδουσιν πάντες ὑποδώρια τὰ μέλη. ἐπεὶ οὖν τὸ μέλος ἐστὶν ὑποδώριον ⟦τὰ μέλη del. Casaubon⟧, εἰκότως Αἰολίδα φησὶν εἶναι τὴν ἁρμονίαν ὁ Λᾶσος.

1 fort. τε <τὰν> Page 2 Hartung: μελίβοιαν codd. Bergk: ἀναγνῶν codd. 3 Edmonds: ἅμα codd.




702 Hymn to Demeter of Hermione1

(a) Athenaeus, Scholars at Dinner

The character of the Aeolians contains the elements of haughtiness and turgidity, even conceitedness, which are in keeping with their horse-breeding and their entertainment of strangers; it is not so much wicked as lofty and self-confident. This explains their fondness for drinking and love-making and every aspect of the relaxed way of life. It is why they have the character of the so-called Hypodorian harmonia, which according to Heraclides2 is the one they used to call Aeolian, as Lasus of Hermione does in his hymn to Demeter of Hermion, when he says,

I sing of Demeter and the Maiden,3 wife of Clymenus,4 raising the honied shout of a hymn in the deep-sounding Aeolian harmonia.5

Everyone sings these lyrics Hypodorian; so since the melody is Hypodorian, Lasus quite naturally calls the harmonia Aeolian.

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.lasus-fragments.1991