Testimonia Vitae Atque Artis
1 Schol. Plat. Alcib. 118c (p. 95 Greene)
Πυθοκλείδης μουσικὸς ἦν, τῆς σεμνῆς μουσικῆς διδάσκαλος, καὶ Πυθαγόρειος, οὗ μαθητὴς Ἀγαθοκλῆς, οὗ Λαμπροκλῆς, οὗ Δάμων.
2 [Plut.] Mus. 16. 1136de (p. 118 Lasserre, vi 3. 13s Ziegler)
ἐν δὲ τοῖς ἱστορικοῖς οἱ ἁρμονικοὶ (Einarson–De Lacy: τοῖς ἁρμονικοῖς codd.) Πυθοκλείδην φασὶ τὸν αὐλητὴν εὑρετὴν αὐτῆς (sc. τῆς Μιξολυδίου ἁρμονίας) γεγονέναι, αὖθις (Westphal: λύσις codd., Λύσις Bernardakis) δὲ Λαμπροκλέα τὸν Ἀθηναῖον, συνιδόντα ὅτι οὐκ ἐνταῦθα ἔχει τὴν διάζευξιν ὅπου σχεδὸν ἅπαντες ᾤοντο, ἀλλ᾿ ἐπὶ τὸ ὀξύ, τοιοῦτον αὐτῆς ἀπεργάσασθαι τὸ σχῆμα οἷον τὸ ἀπὸ παραμέσης ἐπὶ ὑπάτην ὑπατῶν.
Life and Work1
1 Scholiast on Plato, Alcibiades I (‘Pericles consorted with wise men, e.g. Pythocleides and Anaxagoras’)
Pythocleides was a musician, a teacher of the dignified style of music and a Pythagorean; his pupil was Agathocles, whose pupil was Lamprocles,2 whose pupil was Damon.
2 ‘Plutarch’, On Music
In their historical accounts the writers on harmonics say that Pythocleides the aulete was the inventor of the Mixolydian harmonia, and that later Lamprocles the Athenian, realising that its disjunction is not where almost everyone had thought but at the top of its range, shaped it so as to run from paramesē (b) to hypatē hypatōn (B).1
- 1See also P.Oxy. 1611 (at 735 below), Athen. 11. 491c (= 736).
- 2L. will have worked in the early 5th c. In Athen. 1. 20e, where the young Sophocles is said to have been taught dancing and music by Lamprus, Lamprus may be an error for Lamprocles; see Lamprus test. 2.
- 1I.e., he saw that it had two conjunct tetrachords, BCDE/EFGa, with a disjunct tone, ab, ‘at the top’. The text of ‘Plutarch’ is uncertain at more than one point.