Josephus, The Jewish War

LCL 487: 2-3

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1(i. 1) Νέρωνι δ᾿ ὡς ἠγγέλη τὰ κατὰ τὴν Ἰουδαίαν πταίσματα, λεληθυῖα μὲν ὡς εἰκὸς ἔκπληξις ἐμπίπτει καὶ δέος, φανερῶς δ᾿ ὑπερηφάνει καὶ 2προσωργίζετο, στρατηγῶν1 μὲν ῥᾳστώνῃ μᾶλλον ἢ ταῖς τῶν πολεμίων ἀρεταῖς γεγονέναι τὰ συμβάντα λέγων, πρέπειν δ᾿ ἡγούμενος ἑαυτῷ διὰ τὸν ὄγκον τῆς ἡγεμονίας κατασοβαρεύεσθαι τῶν σκυθρωπῶν καὶ δοκεῖν δεινοῦ παντὸς ἐπάνω τὴν 3ψυχὴν ἔχειν. διηλέγχετό γε μὴν ὁ τῆς ψυχῆς θόρυβος ὑπὸ τῶν φροντίδων (2) σκεπτομένου2 τίνι πιστεύσει κινουμένην τὴν ἀνατολήν, ὃς τιμωρήσεται μὲν τὴν τῶν Ἰουδαίων ἐπανάστασιν, προκαταλήψεται δ᾿ αὐτοῖς ἤδη καὶ τὰ πέριξ ἔθνη 4συννοσοῦντα. μόνον [οὖν]3 εὑρίσκει Οὐεσπασιανὸν ταῖς χρείαις ἀναλογοῦντα καὶ τηλικούτου πολέμου μέγεθος ἀναδέξασθαι δυνάμενον, ἄνδρα ταῖς ἀπὸ νεότητος στρατείαις ἐγγεγηρακότα καὶ προειρηνεύσαντα μὲν πάλαι Ῥωμαίοις τὴν ἑσπέραν ὑπὸ Γερμανῶν ταρασσομένην, προσκτησάμενον δὲ τοῖς 5ὅπλοις Βρεττανίαν τέως λανθάνουσαν, ὅθεν αὐτοῦ


Jewish War, III

Book III

(i. 1) The news of the reverses sustained in Judaea Nero’s reception of the news of events in Judaea. filled Nero, as was natural, with secret consternation and alarm, but in public he affected an air of disdain and indignation. “These unfortunate incidents, he said, “were due to remiss generalship rather than to the valour of the enemy;” and the majesty of empire made him think it became him to treat black tidings with lofty contempt and to appear to possess a soul superior to all accidents. His inward perturbation, however, was betrayed by his anxious reflection.

(2) He was deliberating into whose hands he should He appoints Vespasian to take command. entrust the East in its present commotion, with the double task of punishing the Jewish rebels, and of forestalling a revolt of the neighbouring nations, which were already catching the contagion. He could find none but Vespasian a match for the emergency and capable of undertaking a campaign on so vast a scale. Vespasian was one who had been a soldier from his youth and grown grey in the service; he had already earlier in his career pacified and restored to Roman rule the West when convulsed by the Germans; he had by his military genius added to the Empire Britain, till then almost unknown, and thus afforded Claudius, Nero’s father,a

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.josephus-jewish_war.1927