ἔθεσιν αἱροῦνται χρώμενοι ζῆν, ἀπολύομέν τε αὐτοὺς τῶν αἰτιῶν, καὶ τὸ παρ᾿ αὐτοῖς ἱερόν, καθάπερ ἠξιώκασι, προσαγορευθήτω Διὸς Ἑλληνίου.” 264ταῦτα δὲ καὶ Ἀπολλωνίῳ τῷ μεριδάρχῃ ἐπέστειλεν ἕκτῳ ἔτει καὶ τεσσαρακοστῷ καὶ ἑκατοστῷ1 μηνὸς Ἑκατομβαιῶνος Ὑρκανίου2 ὀκτωκαιδεκάτῃ.
265(vi.1) Κατὰ δὲ τὸν αὐτὸν καιρὸν ἦν τις οἰκῶν ἐν Μωδαῒ3 κώμῃ τῆς Ἰουδαίας, ὄνομα Ματταθίας, υἱὸς Ἰωάννου τοῦ Συμεῶνος τοῦ Ἀσαμωναίου, ἱερεὺς ἐξ ἐφημερίδος Ἰωάριβος,4 Ἱεροσολυμίτης. 266ἦσαν δ᾿ αὐτῷ υἱοὶ πέντε, Ἰωάννης ὁ καλούμενος Γάδδης5 καὶ Σίμων ὁ κληθεὶς Θάτις6 καὶ Ἰούδας
- 1καὶ ἑκατοστῷ add. Vaillant: om. codd. Lat.
- 2Hyrcani Lat.: om. ed. pr.
- 3Μωδεεὶμ FV Suidas: Μωδαιεῖ L1AMW: Μωδεεῖ L2: Μωδεῇ Ε: Modin Lat.: Μωδεῖ Exc.
- 4FLV: Ἰώαβος rell.: Ioab aut Iobab Lat.
- 5Γαδδὶς FAM: Γαδδεις Exc.
- 6Θαθὶς LAM: Μαθθὶς F: Μαθθῆς V: Θαθὴς W: Θαδὴς E: Mathias Lat.: Θάθεις Exc.: Θάσος Syncellus.
accordance with Greek customs, we acquit them of these charges, and permit their temple to be known as that of Zeus Hellenios, as they have petitioned.” In this fashion he also wrote to Apollonius, the district-governor, in the hundreda and forty-sixth year,b on the eighteenth of the month Hekatombaion Hyrkanios.c
(vi. 1) At this same time there was a man livingMattathias and his five sons. 1 Macc. ii. 1 in the villaged of Modaie in Judaea, named Mattathias, the son of Joannes, the son of Symeon, the son of Asamonaios,f a priest of the courseg of Joaribh and a native of Jerusalem. He had five sons, Joannes called Gaddes,i Simon called Thatis,j Judas called
- aThe “hundred” has been inadvertently omitted from the mss.
- bThe 146th yr. Sel. extended from Oct. 167 to Oct. 166 b.c.
- cThe Attic (and Delian) month Hekatombaion corresponded to July-August (cf. Ant. iv. 84). What “Hyrkanios” means is an unsolved puzzle. Another instance of an unknown name given to a Greek (Macedonian) month occurs in 2 Macc. xi. 21, namely Διοσκορινθίου (v.l. Διοσκορίδου) but this has been plausibly emended to Διὸς Κρονίδου on the basis of Plutarch, Thes. 12, Κρονίου μηνὸς ὃν νῦν Ἑκατομβαιῶνα καλοῦσιν (cf. Büchler, Tob. p. 154 note). Is there any connexion between these two passages, and is “Hyrkanios” a corruption of “Kronios”? It seems strange, to be sure, that an Attic rather than a Macedonian month should be named in either passage, but Niese, Kritik, p. 107, argues that Antiochus “who introduced the Attic documentary style into Antioch” might well have adopted Attic month-names as well.
- dCalled a “city” (πόλιν) in 1 Macc. ii. 15 ff.
- eVariants Modeeim, Modaiei, Modin, etc. (most mss. in B. J. i. 36 have Modeein); 1 Macc. Modein; in rabbinic literature Môdî‘în or Môdî‘îth. Its site is the mod. Ras Medieh or el-Medieh, c. 7 miles S.E. of Lydda and c. 17 miles N.W. of Jerusalem.
- fḤašmônai in rabbinic literature; he is not mentioned in 1 Macc. Josephus himself claims descent from the Hasmonaeans, Vita 2.
- g1 Macc. “of the sons.” On the priestly courses cf. Ant. vii. 365 note c and Vita 2 note a.
- hSo 1 Macc. (= Heb. Yôyārîb); variants Joab, Jobab.
- iVariant Gaddis (so most mss. of 1 Macc.). This surname is connected by some scholars with Gad, the Semitic god of fortune.
- jVariants Thathis, Matthis, etc.; 1 Macc. Thassi. Winer (ap, Grimm) long ago suggested a derivation from Aram. tesas “boil, ferment,” hence “the zealot,” and so, more recently, Bévenot, but this etymology seems to me very farfetched.