Josephus, Jewish Antiquities

LCL 242: 400-401

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Josephus

κάλυκα προσεχῆ τῷ κλωνί, περίεισι δ᾿ αὐτὴν ἔλυτρον, ὅπερ ἀποκρίνεται καθ᾿ αὑτὸ πρὸς τὸν καρπὸν μεταβαλεῖν ἠργμένης· ὁ δὲ κάλυξ μεγέθους ἐστὶ σκυταλίδος τοῦ μικροῦ δακτύλου, κρατῆρι δ᾿ ἐμφερὴς τὴν περιγραφήν. σημανῶ δὲ καὶ τοῦτο 175τοῖς οὐ μεμαθηκόσι· σφαιρίδος εἰς δύο τετμημένης περὶ τῷ πυθμένι τὴν ἑτέραν τομὴν ἔχει φυόμενος ἀπὸ ῥίζης περιφερής· εἶτα συνιὼν κατ᾿ ὀλίγον ὑποκοιλαινούσης εὐπρεπῶς τῆς ὑποχωρήσεως ἀνευρύνεται πάλιν ἠρέμα κατὰ χεῖλος, 176ὁμοίως ὀμφαλῷ ῥοιᾶς τετμημένος. ἐπίθεμα δ᾿ αὐτῷ ἡμισφαίριον προσπέφυκεν ἀκριβῶς <ὡς>1 ἂν εἴποι τις τετορνευμένον, ὑπερανεστώσας ἔχον τὰς ἐντομάς, ἃς εἶπον τῇ ῥοιᾷ παραπλησίως βλαστάνειν, ἀκανθώδεις καὶ εἰς ὀξὺ παντελῶς 177ἀποληγούσας τὸ ἄκρον. φυλάττει δ᾿ †ὑπὸ2 τῷ ἐπιθέματι τὸν καρπὸν διὰ παντὸς τοῦ κάλυκος, ὄντα βοτάνης σπέρματι τῆς σιδηρίτιδος ὅμοιον, ἀφίησι δ᾿ ἄνθος τῷ τῆς μήκωνος πλαταγωνίῳ 178δυνάμενον δοκεῖν ἐμφερὲς εἶναι. ἐκ τούτου μὲν στέφανος ἐκκεχάλκευται ὅσον ἀπὸ τοῦ ἰνίου πρὸς ἑκάτερον τῶν κροτάφων. τὸ δὲ μέτωπον ἡ μὲν ἐφιελὶς οὐκ ἔπεισι, λεγέσθω γὰρ οὕτως ὁ κάλυξ, τελαμὼν δ᾿ ἐστὶ χρύσεος, ὃς ἱεροῖς γράμμασι τοῦ

  • 1ins. Niese.
  • 2ἐπὶ codd.
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Jewish Antiquities III

puts forth a calyx closely adhering to the twig, and enveloped in a husk which detaches itself automatically when it begins to turn into fruit; this calyx is as big as a joint of the little finger and resembles a bowl in contour. This too I will describe for those unfamiliar with it. Imagine a ball cut in two: the calyx at the stem presents the lower half of this, emerging from its base in rounded form; then gradually converging with a graceful re-entrant curve, it broadens out again gently near the rim, where it is indented like the navela of a pomegranate. Its hemispherical lid adheres closely to it, turned (as one might say) to a nicety, and is surmounted by those jagged spikes whose growth I compared to that on the pomegranate, prickly and terminating in quite a sharp point. Beneathb this lid the plant preserves its fruit which fills the whole of the calyx and resembles the seed of the herb sideritisc; while the flower which it produces may be thought comparable to the broad petals of a poppy. It was, then, on the model of this plant that was wrought the crown extending from the nape of the neck to the two temples; the forehead, however, was not covered by the ephielisd (for so we may call the calyx), but had a platee of gold, bearing; graven in sacredf Ex. xxviii. 36 f., xxxix. 30 f.

401
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.josephus-jewish_antiquities.1930