Hippocrates of Cos, Prorrhetic 1

LCL 482: 170-171

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ΠΡΟΡΡΗΤΙΚΟΝ Α

ΠΡΟΡΡΗΤΙΚΟΝ Α

V510 Littré1. Οἱ κωματώδεες ἐν ἀρχῇσι γενόμενοι μετὰ κεφαλῆς, λῆς, ὀσφύος, ὑποχονδρίου, τραχήλου ὀδύνης ἀγρυπνέοντες ἦρά γε φρενιτικοί εἰσιν; μυκτὴρ ἐν τούτοισιν ἀποστάζων ὀλέθριον, ἄλλως τε καὶ ἢν τεταρταίοισιν ἀρχομένοισιν.

2. Κοιλίης περίπλυσις ἐξέρυθρος κακὸν μὲν ἐν πᾶσιν, οὐχ ἥκιστα δὲ ἐπὶ τοῖσι προειρημένοισιν.

3. Αἱ δασεῖαι γλῶσσαι κατάξηροι φρενιτικαί.

4. Τὰ ἐπὶ ταραχώδεσιν ἀγρύπνοισιν οὖρα ἄχροα, 512μέλασιν ἐνῃωρημένα |παρακρουστικά· ἐφιδρῶντι1 φρενιτικά.2

5. Ἐνύπνια τὰ ἐν φρενιτικοῖς ἐναργέα.

6. Ἀνάχρεμψις πυκνή γε, ἢν δή τι καὶ ἄλλο σημεῖον προσῇ, φρενιτικά.

7. Τὰ ἐγκαταλιμπανόμενα καύματα ἐν ὑποχονδρίῳ πυρετοῦ περιψυχθέντος κακά, ἄλλως τε καὶ ἤν ἐφιδρῶσιν.

8. Αἱ προαπαυδησάντων παραφροσύναι κάκισται, οἷον καὶ θρασύνοντι.

9. Τὰ φρενιτικὰ νεανικῶς τρομώδεα τελευτᾷ.

170

Prorrhetic I

Prorrhetic I

1. Do patients who have been comatose at the beginning, but later lie awake with pains in the head, loins, hypochondrium and neck develop phrenitis? A running nose in these is a fatal sign, especially if it begins on the fourth day.

2. A very red discharge from the cavity is bad in all cases, not least in the ones mentioned above.

3. A rough tongue that is very dry indicates phrenitis.

4. Colourless urines in persons with troubled sleeplessness, if they have dark material suspended in them, suggest derangement—in a person who perspires over his whole body, phrenitis.

5. The dreams of patients with phrenitis are vivid.

6. Frequent expectoration, if some other sign is present as well, indicates phrenitis.

7. If heat is left behind in the hypochondrium when a fever has grown cool, it is a bad sign, especially if the person perspires over his whole body.

8. Delirium in patients that are already failing is a very bad sign, as also in a person who becomes over-bold.

9. Phrenitis in the young ends with tremors.

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.hippocrates_cos-prorrhetic_i.1995