Hippocrates of Cos, Haemorrhoids

LCL 482: 374-375

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Haemorrhoids And Fistulas


These two treatises, or parts of the same treatise, demonstrate similarities of language and content that strongly suggest common authorship. The order in which I present them is supported by the title under which they are recorded in Erotian’s preface, περὶ αἱμορρΐδων καὶ συρίγγων,1 as well as twice in Galen’s Hippocratic Glossary.2 This order is also given in the list of Hippocratic works at the head of the manuscript Vaticanus Graecus 276, and in the Bruxelles Hippocratic Vita: “item de emorroide post hunc de fistulis.”3

Erotian includes one word from Haemorrhoids and three from Fistulas4 in his glossary, and Celsus draws directly on both works in his own account of lesions of the anus.5

Haemorrhoids and Fistulas present a clear and well organized summary of the pathology and therapy of haemorrhoids, condylomas, fistula in ano, and their complications


Haemorrhoids And Fistulas

such as strangury and prolapse of the anus. Surgical treatments dominate: cautery, excision, scraping, application of putrefactant medications, and fomentation.

The treatises were edited by Robert Joly in his Budé edition, volume XIII, and it is on this work that my text for the most part depends. F. Adams published an English translation of the works in 1849.6

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.hippocrates_cos-haemorrhoids.1995