ΠΕΡΙ ΑΔΕΝΩΝ ΟΥΛΟΜΕΛΙΗΣ
VIII 566 Littré1. Περὶ δὲ ἀδένων οὐλομελίης ὧδε ἔχει. φύσις μὲν αὐτῇσι σπογγώδης, ἀραιαὶ μὲν καὶ πίονες, καὶ ἔστιν οὔτε σαρκία ἴκελα τῷ ἄλλῳ σώματι, οὔτε ἄλλο τι ὅμοιον τῷ σώματι, ἀλλὰ ψαφαρὰ καὶ φλέβας ἔχει συχνάς· εἰ δὲ διατάμοις, αἱμορραγέει λάβρως· τὸ εἶδος λευκαὶ καὶ οἷον φλέγμα, ἐπαφωμένῳ δὲ οἷον εἴρια· κἢν ὀργάσῃς1 τοῖς δακτύλοις ἐπὶ πολὺ βιησάμενος, ἡ ἀδὴν ὑγρὸν ἀφίησιν ἐλαιῶδες, καὶ αὐτὴ θρύπτεται πολλὰ καὶ ἐξαπόλλυται.
2. Πονέουσι δὲ οὐ κάρτα, ἀλλὰ τῷ ἄλλῳ σώματι ἐπὴν πονέωσι διδοῦσιν2 ἰδίην νοῦσον· παῦρα δὲ καὶ τῷ σώματι ξυμπονέουσιν. αἱ νοῦσοι φύματα γίνονται, καὶ χοιράδες ἀναπηδῶσι, καὶ πῦρ ἔχει τὸ σῶμα· πάσχουσι δὲ ταῦτα, ἐπὴν ὑγρασίης πληρωθῶσι τῆς ἀπὸ3 τοῦ ἄλλου σώματος ἐπιρρεούσης εἰς αὐτάς· ἐπιρρέει δὲ ἐκ τοῦ ἄλλου σώματος διὰ τῶν φλεβῶν, αἵ δι᾿ αὐτῶν τέτανται πολλαὶ καὶ κοῖλαι, ὥστε ἀκολουθεῖν τὸ ὑγρὸν ὅ τι ἄν ἕλκωσιν εὐπετέως ἐς αὐτάς· κἢν πολὺ ἔῃ καὶ νοσῶδες ἡ ῥοή, ξυντείνουσιν αἱ ἀδένες ἐπὶ
1. The general nature of glands is as follows. Their substance is spongy and they are rarefied and fatty; their tissues neither look like the rest of the body, nor resemble it in any other way, being instead friable and possessing many vessels: if you cut through a gland, it bleeds violently. In appearance glands are white and phlegmy, to the touch they are like wool. If you knead one in your fingers, pressing it firmly, the gland discharges an oily fluid and itself breaks almost completely into small pieces, and disappears.
2. Glands rarely become ill, but when they do, they give their disease to the rest of the body; seldom, though, do they ail in sympathy with the body. Their diseases: tubercles form, scrofulas erupt, fever seizes the body. Glands suffer these things when they become filled with moisture flowing to them from the rest of the body. This moisture flows to them out of the rest of the body along the vessels that run through them, so numerous and hollow that whatever moisture they attract easily reaches them. If the flux is copious and diseased, the glands contract the rest of the