Hippocrates of Cos, Anatomy

LCL 509: 4-5

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ΠΕΡΙ ΑΝΑΤΟΜΗΣ

ΠΕΡΙ ΑΝΑΤΟΜΗΣ

VIII 538 Littré1. Ἀρτηρίη ἐξ ἑκατέρου φαρυγγέθρου τὴν ἔκφυσιν ποιευμένη ἐς ἄκρον πνεύμονος τελευτᾷ, κρίκοις ξυγκειμένη ὁμορρύσμοις, τῶν περιηγέων ἁπτομένων1 κατ᾿ ἐπίπεδον ἀλλήλων. αὐτὸς δὲ ὁ πνεύμων συνεξαναπληροῖ τὴν χέλυν, τετραμμένος ἐς τὰ ἀριστερά, πέντε ὑπερκορυφώσιας ἔχων, ἃς δὴ καλέουσι λοβούς, τεφρίνης χροιῆς τυχὼν στίγμασιν [σφραγῖσι]2 κεκεντημένος, φύσει ἐὼν τενθρηνιώδης.3 μέσῳ δ᾿ αὐτῷ ἡ καρδίη ἐγκαθίδρυται, στρογγυλωτέρη καθεστεῶσα πάντων ζῴων. ἀπὸ δὲ καρδίης ἐς ἧπαρ βρογχίη πολλὴ καθήκει, καὶ μετὰ βρογχίης φλὲψ μεγάλη καλευμένη, δι᾿ ἧς οὖλον τὸ σκῆνος τρέφεται. τὸ δὲ ἧπαρ ὁμορρυσμίην μὲν ἔχει τοῖς ἄλλοις ἅπασιν, αἱμορρωδέστερον δέ ἐστι τῶν ἄλλων, ὑπερκορυφώσιας ἔχον δύο, ἃς καλέουσι πύλας, ἐν δεξιοῖς τόποις κειμένας· ἀπὸ δὲ τούτου, σκαληνὴ φλὲψ ἐπὶ τὰ κάτω νεφρὸν ἀποτείνουσα. νεφροὶ δὲ ὁμοιόρρυσμοι, τὴν χροιὴν δὲ ἐναλίγκιοι μήλοισιν· ἀπὸ δὲ τούτων, ὀχετοὶ σκαληνοειδέες ἄκρην κορυφὴν κύστιος κεῖνται. κύστις δὲ νευρώδης οὔλη καὶ μεγάλη· ἐκ δὲ τῆς κύστιος μετοχέτευσις

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Anatomy

Anatomy

1. An air pipe (arteria) growing out of the throat on each side ends at the apex of the lung; it is composed of symmetrical rings, which in their circular course meet one another in a plane. The lung itself occupies the chest, facing towards the left, and possesses five prominences called lobes; it is of ashen colour, marked with spots, and in structure like honeycomb. In the centre of the lung the heart is set, being more spherical than in all other animals. From the heart a large tube (bronchia) descends to the liver; running with this tube is what is called the great vessel, through which the whole frame is nourished. The liver has a symmetry with all others, but more blood-flow than the others; it possesses two prominences called “gates” which lie on the right side. From the liver a vessel slanting downwards reaches the kidney. The kidneys are symmetrical, and in colour are like apples.1 From the kidneys two oblique ducts reach the topmost apex of the bladder. The bladder is large and entirely sinewy, and out of it grows a

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.hippocrates_cos-anatomy.2010