Hesiod, Theogony

LCL 57: 74-75

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τὼς γάρ οἱ φρασάτην, ἵνα μὴ βασιληίδα τιμὴν ἄλλος ἔχοι Διὸς ἀντὶ θεῶν αἰειγενετάων. ἐκ γὰρ τῆς εἵμαρτο περίφρονα τέκνα γενέσθαι· 895πρώτην μὲν κούρην γλαυκώπιδα Τριτογένειαν, ἶσον ἔχουσαν πατρὶ μένος καὶ ἐπίφρονα βουλήν, αὐτὰρ ἔπειτ’ ἄρα παῖδα θεῶν βασιλῆα καὶ ἀνδρῶν ἤμελλεν τέξεσθαι, ὑπέρβιον ἦτορ ἔχοντα· ἀλλ’ ἄρα μιν Ζεὺς πρόσθεν ἑὴν ἐσκάτθετο νηδύν, 900ὥς οἱ συμφράσσαιτο θεὰ ἀγαθόν τε κακόν τε. δεύτερον ἠγάγετο λιπαρὴν Θέμιν, ἣ τέκεν Ὥρας, Εὐνομίην τε Δίκην τε καὶ Εἰρήνην τεθαλυῖαν, αἵ τ’ ἔργ’ ὠρεύουσι καταθνητοῖσι βροτοῖσι, Μοίρας θ’, ᾗς πλείστην τιμὴν πόρε μητίετα Ζεύς, 905Κλωθώ τε Λάχεσίν τε καὶ Ἄτροπον, αἵ τε διδοῦσι θνητοῖς ἀνθρώποισιν ἔχειν ἀγαθόν τε κακόν τε. τρεῖς δέ οἱ Εὐρυνόμη Χάριτας τέκε καλλιπαρήους, Ὠκεανοῦ κούρη πολυήρατον εἶδος ἔχουσα, Ἀγλαΐην τε καὶ Εὐφροσύνην Θαλίην τ’ ἐρατεινήν· 910τῶν καὶ ἀπὸ βλεφάρων ἔρος εἴβετο δερκομενάων λυσιμελής· καλὸν δέ θ’ ὑπ’ ὀφρύσι δερκιόωνται. αὐτὰρ ὁ Δήμητρος πολυφόρβης ἐς λέχος ἦλθεν· ἣ τέκε Περσεφόνην λευκώλενον, ἣν ᾈδωνεὺς ἥρπασεν ἧς παρὰ μητρός, ἔδωκε δὲ μητίετα Ζεύς. 915Μνημοσύνης δ’ ἐξαῦτις ἐράσσατο καλλικόμοιο,

  • 900 οἱ συμφρ. Chrysippus: δή οἱ φρ. codd.
  • 901-1022 Hesiodo abiud. West
  • 908 εἶδος: ἦτορ a


they had prophesied to him, lest some other one of the eternally living gods hold the kingly honor instead of Zeus. For it was destined that exceedingly wise children would come to be from her: first she would give birth to a maiden, bright-eyed Tritogeneia,43 possessing strength equal to her father’s and wise counsel, and then to a son, a king of gods and of men, possessing a very violent heart. But before that could happen Zeus put her into his belly, so that the goddess would advise him about good and evil.

(901) Second, he married bright Themis, who gave birth to the Horae (Seasons), Eunomia (Lawfulness) and Dike (Justice) and blooming Eirene (Peace), who care for the works of mortal human beings, and the Destinies, upon whom the counselor Zeus bestowed the greatest honor, Clotho and Lachesis and Atropos, who give to mortal human beings both good and evil to have.

(907) Eurynome, Ocean’s daughter, possessing lovely beauty, bore him three beautiful-cheeked Graces, Aglaea (Splendor) and Euphrosyne (Joy) and lovely Thalia (Good Cheer). From their eyes desire, the limb-melter, trickles down when they look; and they look beautifully from under their eyebrows.

(912) Then bounteous Demeter came to his bed; she bore white-armed Persephone, whom Aïdoneus44 snatched away from her mother—but the counselor Zeus gave her to him.

(915) Then he desired beautiful-haired Mnemosyne,

  • 43Athena.
  • 44Hades.
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.hesiod-theogony.2018