Hesiod, Theogony

LCL 57: 28-29

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πεντηκοντακέφαλον, ἀναιδέα τε κρατερόν τε· τὸ τρίτον Ὕδρην αὖτις ἐγείνατο λύγρ’ εἰδυῖαν Λερναίην, ἣν θρέψε θεὰ λευκώλενος Ἥρη 315ἄπλητον κοτέουσα βίῃ Ἡρακληείῃ. καὶ τὴν μὲν Διὸς υἱὸς ἐνήρατο νηλέι χαλκῷ Ἀμφιτρυωνιάδης σὺν ἀρηιφίλῳ Ἰολάῳ Ἡρακλέης βουλῇσιν Ἀθηναίης ἀγελείης. ἡ δὲ Χίμαιραν ἔτικτε πνέουσαν ἀμαιμάκετον πῦρ, 320δεινήν τε μεγάλην τε ποδώκεά τε κρατερήν τε. τῆς ἦν τρεῖς κεφαλαί· μία μὲν χαροποῖο λέοντος, ἡ δὲ χιμαίρης, ἡ δ’ ὄφιος κρατεροῖο δράκοντος. {πρόσθε λέων, ὄπιθεν δὲ δράκων, μέσση δὲ χίμαιρα, δεινὸν ἀποπνείουσα πυρὸς μένος αἰθομένοιο.} 325τὴν μὲν Πήγασος εἷλε καὶ ἐσθλὸς Βελλεροφόντης· ἡ δ’ ἄρα Φῖκ’ ὀλοὴν τέκε Καδμείοισιν ὄλεθρον, Ὄρθῳ ὑποδμηθεῖσα, Νεμειαῖόν τε λέοντα, τόν ῥ’ Ἥρη θρέψασα Διὸς κυδρὴ παράκοιτις γουνοῖσιν κατένασσε Νεμείης, πῆμ’ ἀνθρώποις. 330ἔνθ’ ἄρ’ ὅ γ’ οἰκείων ἐλεφαίρετο φῦλ’ ἀνθρώπων, κοιρανέων Τρητοῖο Νεμείης ἠδ’ Ἀπέσαντος· ἀλλά ἑ ἲς ἐδάμασσε βίης Ἡρακληείης. Κητὼ δ’ ὁπλότατον Φόρκυι φιλότητι μιγεῖσα γείνατο δεινὸν ὄφιν, ὃς ἐρεμνῆς κεύθεσι γαίης 335πείρασιν ἐν μεγάλοις παγχρύσεα μῆλα φυλάσσει. τοῦτο μὲν ἐκ Κητοῦς καὶ Φόρκυνος γένος ἐστί.

  • 321 τῆς ἦν West: τῆς δ’ ἦν ab Herodianus et al. gramm., Herodianus rhetor: τῆς δ’ αὖ kS
  • 323-24 (= Il. 6.181–82) damn. Wolf
  • 324 om. a


fifty-headed, ruthless and mighty; third, she then gave birth to the evil-minded Hydra of Lerna, which the goddess, white-armed Hera, raised, immense, wrathful against Heracles’ force. But Zeus’ son, the scion of Amphitryon, Heracles, slew it with the pitiless bronze, together with warlike Iolaus, by the plans of Athena, leader of the war-host.

(319) She18 gave birth to Chimera, who breathed invincible fire, terrible and great and swift-footed and mighty. She had three heads: one was a fierce-eyed lion’s, one a she-goat’s, one a snake’s, a mighty dragon’s. {In front a lion, behind a dragon, in the middle a she-goat, breathing forth the terrible strength of burning fire.}19 Pegasus and noble Bellerophon killed her. Overpowered by Orthus, she20 bore the deadly Sphinx, destruction for the Cadmeans, and the Nemean lion, which Hera, Zeus’ illustrious consort, raised and settled among the hills of Nemea, a woe for human beings. For dwelling there it destroyed the tribes of human beings and lorded over Tretus in Nemea and Apesas; but the strength of Heracles’ force overpowered it.

(333) Ceto mingled in love with Phorcys and gave birth to her youngest offspring, a terrible snake, which guards the all-golden apples in the hidden places of the dark earth at its great limits. This, then, is the progeny of Ceto and Phorcys.

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.hesiod-theogony.2018