Hesiod, Testimonia

LCL 57: 158-159

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HESIOD

T2 Tzetzes Schol. in Hes. Op. pp. 87–92 Colonna (A. Colonna, ed., Hesiodi Op., Milano-Varese 1959)

ὁ Ἡσίοδος σὺν ἀδελφῷ Πέρσῃ παῖς ἐγεγόνει Δίου καὶ Πυκιμήδης, Κυμαίων Αἰολέων, πενήτων ἀνθρώπων, οἳ διὰ τὸ ἄπορον καὶ τὰ χρέα τὴν ἑαυτῶν πατρίδα Κύμην φυγόντες μεταναστεύουσι περὶ τὴν Ἄσκρην, χωρίον τῶν Βοιωτῶν δυσχείμερόν τε καὶ κακοθέρειον, περὶ τοὺς πρόποδας κειμένην τοῦ Ἑλικῶνος κἀκεῖ κατοικοῦσι. τοιαύτῃ δὲ τῶν ἀνθρώπων πενίᾳ συνεσχημένων, συνέβαινε τὸν Ἡσίοδον τοῦτον ἄρνας ἐν τῷ Ἑλικῶνι ποιμαίνειν. φασὶ δὲ ὡς ἐννέα τινὲς ἐλθοῦσαι γυναῖκες {Μοῦσαι} καὶ δρεψάμεναι κλῶνας δάφνης Ἑλικωνίτιδος αὐτὸν ἐπεσίτισαν, καὶ οὕτω σοφίας καὶ ποιητικῆς ἐμπεφόρητο. . . . συνηκμακέναι δ’ αὐτὸν οἱ μὲν Ὁμήρῳ φασίν, οἱ δὲ καὶ Ὁμήρου προγενέστερον εἶναι διισχυρίζονται. καὶ οἱ μὲν προγενέστερον εἶναι Ὁμήρου τοῦτον διισχυριζόμενοι ἐν ἀρχαῖς εἶναί φασι τῆς Ἀρχίππου ἀρχῆς, Ὅμηρον δὲ ἐν τῷ τέλει—ὁ δ’ Ἄρχιππος οὗτος υἱὸς ἦν Ἀκάστου, ἄρξας Ἀθηναίων ἔτη τριάκοντα καὶ πεντε—· οἱ δὲ συγχρόνους εἶναι λέγοντες ἐπὶ τῇ τελευτῇ Ἀμφιδάμαντος τοῦ βασιλέως Εὐβοίας φασὶν αὐτοὺς ἀγωνίσασθαι, καὶ νενικηκέναι Ἡσίοδον, ἀγωνοθετοῦντος καὶ κρίνοντος τὰ μέτρα Πανείδου τοῦ βασιλέως τοῦ ἀδελφοῦ Ἀμφιδάμαντος καὶ τῶν υἱῶν Ἀμφιδάμαντος Γανύκτορός τε καὶ τῶν λοιπῶν . . . ἀλλὰ ταῦτα μὲν ληρήματα τῶν νεωτέρων εἰσί . . .

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TESTIMONIA

T2 Tzetzes, Scholia on Hesiod’s Works and Days

Hesiod, together with his brother Perses, was born as son of Dius and Pycimede, who were from Aeolian Cyme, poor people who because of their lack of resources and their debts abandoned their native Cyme and emigrated to Ascra, a little town in Boeotia, bad in winter and evil in summer, lying at the foot of Mount Helicon, and they settled there. While the human beings were afflicted by such poverty, it happened that this Hesiod was pasturing his flocks on Helicon. They say that some women, nine of them, came and plucked twigs from the Heliconian laurel and fed him with them, and in this way he took his fill of wisdom and poetry. . . . Some say that he flourished at the same time as Homer, others maintain that he was even older than Homer. And those who maintain that he was older than Homer say that he lived at the beginning of the reign of Archippus, and Homer at its end; this Archippus was the son of Acastus and ruled over the Athenians for thirty-five years. Those who say they were contemporaries say that they competed with one another upon the death of King Amphidamas of Euboea and that Hesiod won at the contest established and judged by King Panedes, Amphidamas’ brother, and by Amphidamas’ sons, Ganyctor and the rest of them. . . . But that is all nonsense invented by more recent writers . . . For golden

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.hesiod-testimonia.2018