Tools

HESIOD

TESTIMONIA

LIFE BIOGRAPHIES

T1 Suda η 583 (II p. 592 Adler)

Ἡσίοδος, Κυμαῖος· νέος δὲ κομισθεὶς ὑπὸ τοῦ πατρὸς Δίου καὶ μητρὸς Πυκιμήδης ἐν Ἄσκρῃ τῆς Βοιωτίας. γενεαλογεῖται δὲ εἶναι τοῦ Δίου, τοῦ Ἀπελλίδος, τοῦ Μελανώπου· ὅν φασί τινες τοῦ Ὁμήρου προπάτορος εἶναι πάππον, ὡς ἀνεψιαδοῦν εἶναι Ἡσιόδου τὸν Ὅμηρον, ἑκάτερον δὲ ἀπὸ τοῦ Ἄτλαντος κατάγεσθαι. ποιήματα δὲ αὐτοῦ ταῦτα· Θεογονία, Ἔργα καὶ Ἡμέραι, Ἀσπίς, Γυναικῶν ἡρωϊνῶν κατάλογος ἐν βιβλίοις ε´, Ἐπικήδειον εἰς Βάτραχόν τινα, ἐρώμενον αὐτοῦ, περὶ τῶν Ἰδαίων Δακτύλων· καὶ ἄλλα πολλά. ἐτελεύτησε δὲ ἐπιξενωθεὶς παρ᾽ Ἀντίφῳ καὶ Κτιμένῳ, οἳ νύκτωρ δόξαντες ἀναιρεῖν φθορέα ἀδελφῆς αὐτῶν, ἀνεῖλον τὸν Ἡσίοδον ἄκοντες. ἦν δὲ Ὁμήρου κατά τινας πρεσβύτερος, κατὰ δὲ ἄλλους σύγχρονος· Πορφύριος (FGrHist 260 F 20a) καὶ ἄλλοι πλεῖστοι νεώτερον ἑκατὸν ἐνιαυτοῖς ὁρίζουσιν, ὡς λβ´ μόνους ἐνιαυτοὺς συμπροτερεῖν τῆς πρώτης Ὀλυμπιάδος.

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TESTIMONIA

TESTIMONIA

LIFE BIOGRAPHIES

T1 Suda

Hesiod: From Cyme. As a youth he was cared for by his father Dius and his mother Pycimede in Ascra in Boeotia. His genealogy: he is said to be the son of Dius, the son of Apelles, the son of Melanopus, who some say is the grandfather of the founding father Homer, so that Homer would be Hesiod’s second cousin and their lines of descent would both derive from Atlas. His poems are the following: Theogony; Works and Days; Shield; Catalogue of Women Heroines in five books; Dirge, for a certain Batrachus, his beloved; On the Idaean Dactyls; and many others. He died while staying as a guest with Antiphus and Ctimenus: at night they thought that they were killing the seducer of their sister, but unintentionally they killed Hesiod. According to some he was older than Homer, according to others contemporary with him; Porphyry and most others define him as being younger by a hundred years, and if so he would be earlier than the first Olympiad by only thirty-two years (i.e., ca. 807/6 BC).

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.hesiod-testimonia.2018