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Greek Anthology

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ΠΡΟΒΛΗΜΑΤΑ ΑΡΙΘΜΗΤΙΚΑ,

ΑΙΝΙΓΜΑΤΑ, ΧΡΗΣΜΟΙ

1.—ΣΩΚΡΑΤΟΥΣ

Πολυκράτης

Ὄλβιε Πυθαγόρη, Μουσέων Ἑλικώνιον ἔρνος, ἐιπέ μοι εἰρομένῳ, ὁπόσοι σοφίης κατ᾿ ἀγῶνα σοῖσι δόμοισιν ἔασιν, ἀεθλεύοντες ἄριστα.

Πυθαγόρας

Τοιγὰρ ἐγὼν εἴποιμι, Πολύκρατες· ἡμίσεες μὲν ἀμφὶ καλὰ σπεύδουσι μαθήματα· τέτρατοι αὖτε ἀθανάτου φύσεως πεπονήαται· ἑβδομάτοις δὲ σιγὴ πᾶσα μέμηλε, καὶ ἄφθιτοι ἔνδοθι μύθοι· 5τρεῖς δὲ γυναῖκες ἔασι, Θεανὼ δ᾿ ἔξοχος ἄλλων. τόσσους Πιερίδων ὑποφήτορας αὐτὸς ἀγινῶ.

2—Εἰς ἄγαλμα Παλλάδος

Παλλὰς ἐγὼ χρυσῆ σφυρήλατος· αὐτὰρ ὁ χρυσὸς αἰζηῶν πέλεται δῶρον ἀοιδοπόλων. ἥμισυ μὲν χρυσοῖο Χαρίσιος, ὀγδοάτην δὲ Θέσπις, καὶ δεκάτην μοῖραν ἔδωκε Σόλων, 5αὐτὰρ ἐεικοστὴν Θεμίσων· τὰ δὲ λοιπὰ τάλαντα ἐννέα, καὶ τέχνη δῶρον Ἀριστοδίκου.

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Book XIV

1.—Socrates

Problem

Polycrates Speaks

Blessed Pythagoras, Heliconian scion of the Muses, answer my question: How many in thy house are engaged in the contest for wisdom performing excellently?

Pythagoras Answers

I will tell thee then, Polycrates. Half of them are occupied with belles lettres; a quarter apply themselves to studying immortal nature; a seventh are all intent on silence and the eternal discourse of their hearts. There are also three women, and above the rest is Theano. That is the number of interpreters of the Muses I gather round me.

Solution: 28 (14 + 7 + 4 + 3).

2.—Problem

On a Statue of Pallas

I, Pallas, am of beaten gold, but the gold is the gift of lusty poets. Charisius gave half the gold, Thespis one-eighth, Solon one-tenth, and Themison one-twentieth, but the remaining nine talents and the workmanship are the gift of Aristodicus.

Solution: 40 (20 + 5 + 4 + 2 + 9).

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.greek_anthology_14.1918