ΓΑΛΗΝΟΥ ΠΕΡΙ ΤΟΥ ΔΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΣΜΙΚΡΑΣ ΣΦΑΙΡΑΣ ΓΥΜΝΑΣΙΟΥ
1. Πηλίκον μὲν ἀγαθόν ἐστιν, ὦ Ἐπίγενες,1 εἰς ὑγίειαν γυμνάσια, καὶ ὡς χρὴ τῶν σιτίων ἡγεῖσθαι αὐτά, παλαιοῖς ἀνδράσιν αὐτάρκως εἴρηται, φιλοσόφων τε καὶ ἰατρῶν τοῖς ἀρίστοις· ὅσον δ’ ὑπὲρ τἄλλα τὰ διὰ τῆς σμικρᾶς σφαίρας ἐστί, τοῦτ’ οὐδέπω τῶν πρόσθεν ἱκανῶς οὐδεὶς ἐξηγήσατο. δίκαιον οὖν ἡμᾶς ἃ γιγνώσκομεν εἰπεῖν, ὑπὸ σοῦ μὲν κριθησόμενα2 τοῦ πάντων ἠσκηκότος ἄριστα τὴν ἐν αὐτοῖς τέχνην, χρήσιμα δ’,3 εἴπερ ἱκανῶς εἰρῆσθαι δόξειε, καὶ τοῖς ἄλλοις, οἷς ἂν μεταδῷς τοῦ λόγου, γενησόμενα.
φημὶ γὰρ ἄριστα μὲν ἁπάντων γυμνασίων εἶναι τὰ μὴ μόνον 900Κτὸ σῶμα διαπονεῖν, ἀλλὰ καὶ τὴν ψυχὴν τέρπειν δυνάμενα. καὶ ὅσοι κυνηγέσια καὶ τὴν ἄλλην θήραν ἐξεῦρον, ἡδονῇ καὶ τέρψει καὶ φιλοτιμίᾳ τὸν ἐν αὐτοῖς πόνον κερασάμενοι, σοφοί τινες ἄνδρες ἦσαν
ON EXERCISE WITH A SMALL BALL
1. How great a good for health exercises are, Epigenes,1 and that they must precede food, was adequately stated by men of earlier times—both the best philosophers and doctors. However, the extent to which exercises with the small ball are superior to the others has never been set out in sufficient detail by anyone previously. It is proper, then, for me to state those things I know, so they will be judged by you, a man best practiced of all in the art of these. If stated adequately, they will seem useful to you and will be also employed by others to whom you transmit this work.
I say the best of all exercises are not only those 900Kwhich are able to exercise the body vigorously, but those which are also able to delight the soul. Men who discovered hunting with hounds and the other hunting, and combined the labor in these activities with pleasure, delight and love
- 1Epigenes, who is also the dedicatee of Galen’s work De praenotione ad Epigenem (Nutton, 1970, CMG, V.8.1) is simply described in the index to that work as, amicus Galeni, cui hunc librum dedicavit. He is mentioned seven times in the work itself. There is also an Epigenes mentioned in the pseudo-Galenic work Hist. Phil., XIX.286, but this is probably the astrologer / astronomer of the first century BC (see EANS, 290).