Galen, On Non-Uniform Distemperment

LCL 546: 288-289

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GALEN

ΠΕΡΙ ΑΝΩΜΑΛΟΥ ΔΥΣΚΡΑΣΙΑΣ ΒΙΒΛΙΟΝ

1. 733KἈνώμαλος δυσκρασία γίγνεται μὲν ἐνίοτε καὶ καθ’ ὅλον τοῦ ζώου τὸ σῶμα, καθάπερ ἔν τε τοῖς ἀνασάρκα λεγομένοις ὑδέροις, καὶ τοῖς ἠπιάλοις καλουμένοις πυρετοῖς, καὶ σχεδὸν ἅπασι τοῖς ἄλλοις, πλὴν τῶν ἑκτικῶν ὀνομαζομένων. γίγνεται δ’ ἐνίοτε καὶ καθ’ ἓν ὁτιοῦν μόριον, οἰδισκόμενον ἢ φλεγμαῖνον ἢ γαγγραινόμενον1 ἢ τῷ ἐρυσιπελατι κάμνον ἢ τῷ καρκινῳ. τούτου δ’ ἐστὶ τοῦ γένους καὶ ὁ καλούμενος ἐλέφας καὶ ἡ φαγέδαινα καὶ ὁ ἕρπης. ἀλλὰ ταῦτα μὲν ἅπαντα μετὰ ῥευμάτων· ἄνευ δ’ ὕλης ἐπιρρύτου, μόναις ταῖς ποιότησιν ἀλλοιουμένων τῶν μορίων, ἀνώμαλος γίγνεται δυσκρασίαι, | 734Kψυγέντων, ἢ ἐκκαυθέντων

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NON-UNIFORM DISTEMPERMENT

ON NON-UNIFORM DISTEMPERMENT

1. 733KA non-uniform dyskrasia1 occurs sometimes in the whole body of the animal, as in the dropsies termed anasarcas,2 in the fevers called agues, and in almost all the other fevers, apart from those termed hectic.3 It also sometimes occurs in relation to any one part whatsoever, when edematous, inflamed, or gangrenous, or affected by erysipelas, or by cancer. However, of this class too are the so-called elephas, phagedaina and herpes.4 But all these follow fluxes. Non-uniform dyskrasias occur without flowing material, when the parts are changed in the qualities alone, | 734Kthat is, when parts are cooled, overheated, or exercised

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.galen-nonuniform_distemperment.2020