Galen, Method of Medicine

LCL 518: 318-319

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1. Δύο μὲν ἤδη γένη νοσημάτων ὅπως ἄν τις ἰῷτο μεθόδῳ δεδήλωται· τὸ μὲν ἕτερον, ἡ δυσκρασία, παλαιὰν ἔχουσα προσηγορίαν, τὸ δ᾿ ἕτερον ὑφ᾿ ἡμῶν ὠνομασμένον, ἡ τῆς συνεχείας λύσις. ὑπὲρ ἧς πρώτης γράψαντες ἐν τῷ τρίτῳ καὶ τετάρτῳ καὶ πέμπτῳ καὶ ἕκτῳ τῶνδε τῶν ὑπομνημάτων, ἐφεξῆς αὐτῇ τὰ κατὰ δυσκρασίαν γιγνόμενα μέχρι τοῦ δωδεκάτου διήλθομεν. ἐν δὲ τῷδε τῷ τρισκαιδεκάτῳ τῆς ὅλης πραγματείας ὄντι περὶ τῶν παρὰ φύσιν ὄγκων ἀρξόμεθα λέγειν, ἐν οἷς δηλονότι κατὰ μέγεθος ἐξίσταται τὰ | 875Kμέλη1 τοῦ κατὰ φύσιν. ὑγείαν δὲ καλεῖν ἢ κατὰ φύσιν οὐ διοίσει πρός γε τὰ παρόντα. πολλῶν δὲ κατ᾿ εἶδος ὄντων ἐν αὐτοῖς παθῶν, περὶ πρώτης ἐροῦμεν τῆς φλεγμονῆς.

ἄμεινον γὰρ ἀπὸ ταύτης ἄρξασθαι διά τε τὸ συνεχέστατα γίγνεσθαι καὶ πυρετούς τε καὶ ἄλλα συμπτώματα ἐργάζεσθαι σφαλερώτατα. λεγόντων δὲ πολλάκις τῶν παλαιῶν φλεγμονὴν τὴν φλόγωσιν, ἰστέον νῦν ἡμᾶς οὐ περὶ ταύτης διέρχεσθαι τῆς φλεγμονῆς, ἀλλ᾿ ἥτις ἅμα τῇ φλογώσει καὶ τάσιν ἔχει περὶ τὸ


Method of Medicine XIII


1. It has now been shown how someone might cure two874K classes of diseases by method. One, dyskrasia, has an ancient name; the other, dissolution of continuity, I myself named. Having first written about the latter in the third, fourth, fifth and sixth books of these treatises, after that I went through the diseases occurring as a result of dykrasia, as far as the twelfth book. In this, which is the thirteenth [book] of the whole treatise, I shall begin to discuss swellings contrary to nature1 in which the parts manifestly differ in magnitude from what accords with nature. Whether875K we call the latter “health” or “accord with nature” will make no difference, at least for our present purposes. Since, however, there are many kinds of affection among these [swellings], I shall speak first about inflammation.

It is better to begin with this because it occurs most frequently and gives rise to fevers and other very dangerous symptoms. Although the ancients often used phlegmonē for phlogōsis, we must now realize that we are not discussing this particular kind of phlegmonē but that which, together with phlogōsis, also holds the part in a state of ten-

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.galen-method_medicine.2011