Galen, Method of Medicine

LCL 516: 242-243

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1. Εἴπερ οὖν, ὦ Ἱέρων, ἡ ἔνδειξις ἐκ τῆς τοῦ πράγματος φύσεως ὁρμωμένη τὸ δέον ἐξευρίσκει, τὴν ἀρχὴν τῆς τῶν ἰαμάτων εὑρέσεως ἐκ τῆς τῶν νοσημάτων αὐτῶν ἀνάγκη γίγνεσθαι· καὶ γὰρ καὶ ἄτοπον ἕτερον μὲν εἶναι τὸ ἐνδεικνύμενον τὴν θεραπείαν, ἕτερον δὲ τὸ θεραπευόμενον· ἕκαστον γὰρ ὑπὲρ ἑαυτοῦ τι δύναται δηλῶσαι μᾶλλον ἢ ὑπὲρ ἄλλου. τοῦτο μὲν δὴ κἀν τοῖς ἐφεξῆς ἔσται σαφέστερον. ἐπεὶ δὲ πάντες ὁμολογοῦσιν ἐκ τῶν διαθέσεων τὰς πρώτας ἐνδείξεις λαμβάνειν, 158Kοὐ χρὴ μηκύνειν ἔτι περιττῶς τὸν λόγον | ἀποδεικνύντας ὡς ἐντεῦθεν ἄρχεσθαι προσήκει, μᾶλλον δ᾿ ὅτι μήτε τὸ ξύμπαν τοῦτ᾿ ἐστὶ μήθ᾿ ὅλως μέγα τι μέρος, ὡς οἱ Μεθοδικοὶ νομίζουσιν, ἀλλὰ σμικρότατόν τε καὶ ἀρχὴν μόνον ἐπιδεῖξαι πειραθῶμεν. αὐτοὶ δή φασιν ἐκεῖνοι τὸν μὲν ἐν τῇ κύστει λίθον, ὅτι τῷ γένει παρὰ φύσιν, ἐνδείκνυσθαι τὴν ἄρσιν. οὕτω δὲ καὶ τὰς ἀκροχορδόνας καὶ τὰς μυρμηκίας ἀθερώματά τε καὶ στεατώματα καὶ μελικηρίδας, ὅσα τ᾿ ἄλλα τοιαῦτα. τὸ δ᾿ εἰς τὸν ὄσχεον ἐμπεπτωκὸς ἔντερον, ὅτι τῷ τόπῳ παρὰ φύσιν, ἅπαντά τε τὰ ἐξηρθρηκότα τὴν εἰς τὴν οἰκείαν χώραν ἐπάνοδον ἐνδείκνυται. καὶ μὴν


Method of Medicine III


1. Therefore, Hiero, if the indication, which takes its origin157K from the nature of the matter, reveals what is needed, the starting point for the discovery of the cures necessarily arises from the nature of the diseases themselves. Moreover, it would be paradoxical if what indicates the treatment is different from what is being treated, because each thing is able to reveal something about itself more than it is able to reveal something about another thing. This will certainly be clearer in what follows. Since everyone agrees to take the primary indications from the conditions, it is not necessary to prolong the argument unduly once I have158K shown that it is appropriate to begin here. Instead, I shall attempt to show that this is neither the whole argument nor actually a large part of it, as the Methodics think, but a very small part and only the beginning. Those very men say that a stone in the bladder, by being in the class “contrary to nature” indicates its removal. And the same applies in the case of thin-necked warts, sessile warts, atheromata, steatomata, melicerides and other such things. Bowel that has herniated into the scrotum, by being in an unnatural place, indicates the return to its proper place, as do all those things that are displaced. Indeed, no craft as yet exists

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.galen-method_medicine.2011