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GALEN

ΓΑΛΗΝΟΥ ΤΕΧΝΗ ΙΑΤΡΙΚΗ

305KΤρεῖς εἰσιν αἱ πᾶσαι διδασκαλίαι τάξεως ἐχόμεναι· πρώτη μέν, ἡ ἐκ τῆς τοῦ τέλους ἐννοίας κατὰ ἀνάλυσιν γινομένη. δευτέρα δέ, ἡ ἐκ συνθέσεως τῶν κατὰ ἀνάλυσιν εὑρεθέντων· τρίτη δέ, ἡ ἐξ ὅρου διαλύσεως, ἣν νῦν ἐνιστάμεθα. καλεῖν δὲ ἔξεστι τὴν τοιαύτην διδασκαλίαν, οὐ μόνον ὅρου διάλυσιν, ἀλλὰ καὶ διάπτυξιν, ὥς τινες ὠνόμασαν, ἢ ἀνάλυσιν, ἢ διαίρεσιν, ὡς ἕτεροί τινες, ἢ ἐξάπλωσιν, ἢ ἐξήγησιν, ὡς ἄλλοι.

ἐπεχείρησαν μὲν οὖν ἔνιοι τῶν Ἡροφιλείων τοιαύτην ποιήσασθαι διδασκαλίαν, ὥσπερ καὶ Ἡρακλείδης ὁ Ἐρυθραῖος· ἐπεχείρησαν δὲ καὶ τὴν κατὰ σύνθεσιν, | 306Kαὐτοί τε οἱ Ἡροφίλειοι, καί τινες τῶν

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THE ART OF MEDICINE

THE ART OF MEDICINE

PREFACE

305ΚAll teachings have an order in which there are three components. The first is from the concept of the end (τέλος)1 and arises from analysis. The second is from the synthesis of those things discovered by analysis. The third is from dialysis (breakdown) of a definition, which is what we are now setting up. It is possible to call such a teaching not only dialysis of a definition, but also explication, as some term it, or analysis, or division, as others call it, or explanation or exegesis as still others call it.2

Some of the Herophileans have tried to create such a teaching, as has Heraclides the Erythraean too.3 Also, some of these same Herophileans have tried to create the teaching relating to synthesis, 306Kas have some of the Erasistrateans

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.galen-art_medicine.2016